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Patterns of alcohol consumption in 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) project

Sieri, S; Agudo, A; Kesse, E; Klipstein-Grobusch, K; San-Jose, B; Welch, AA; Krogh, V; Luben, R; Allen, N and Overvad, K, et al. (2002) In Public Health Nutrition 5(6B). p.1287-1296
Abstract
Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the quantities of alcohol and types of alcoholic beverages consumed, and the timing of consumption, in centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). These centres, in 10 European countries, are characterised by widely differing drinking habits and frequencies of alcohol-related diseases. Methods: We collected a single standardised 24-hour dietary recall per subject from a random sample of the EPIC cohort (36 900 persons initially and 35 955 after exclusion of subjects under 35 and over 74 years of age). This provided detailed information on the distribution of alcohol consumption during the day in relation to main meals, and was used to... (More)
Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the quantities of alcohol and types of alcoholic beverages consumed, and the timing of consumption, in centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). These centres, in 10 European countries, are characterised by widely differing drinking habits and frequencies of alcohol-related diseases. Methods: We collected a single standardised 24-hour dietary recall per subject from a random sample of the EPIC cohort (36 900 persons initially and 35 955 after exclusion of subjects under 35 and over 74 years of age). This provided detailed information on the distribution of alcohol consumption during the day in relation to main meals, and was used to determine weekly consumption patterns. The crude and adjusted (by age, day of week and season) means of total ethanol consumption and consumption according to type of beverage were stratified by centre and sex. Results: Sex was a strong determinant of drinking patterns in all 10 countries. The highest total alcohol consumption was observed in the Spanish centres (San Sebastian, 41.4 g day(-1)) for men and in Danish centres (Copenhagen, 20.9 g day(-1)) for women. The lowest total alcohol intake was in the Swedish centres (Umea, 10.2 g day(-1)) in men and in Greek women (3.4 g day(-1)). Among men, the main contributor to total alcohol intake was wine in Mediterranean countries and beer in the Dutch, German, Swedish and Danish centres. In most centres, the main source of alcohol for women was wine except for Murcia (Spain), where it was beer. Alcohol consumption, particularly by women, increased markedly during the weekend in nearly all centres. The German, Dutch, UK (general population) and Danish centres were characterised by the highest percentages of alcohol consumption outside mealtimes. Conclusions: The large variation in drinking patterns among the EPIC centres provides an opportunity to better understand the relationship between alcohol and alcohol-related diseases. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
EPIC study, alcohol consumption, 24-hour dietary recall, Europe
in
Public Health Nutrition
volume
5
issue
6B
pages
1287 - 1296
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000181402400013
  • pmid:12639233
  • scopus:0345700785
ISSN
1475-2727
DOI
10.1079/PHN2002405
language
English
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yes
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f3632dc4-1ef0-4212-8140-2964624892ec (old id 316702)
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2007-11-09 11:33:50
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2017-11-19 04:06:19
@article{f3632dc4-1ef0-4212-8140-2964624892ec,
  abstract     = {Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the quantities of alcohol and types of alcoholic beverages consumed, and the timing of consumption, in centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). These centres, in 10 European countries, are characterised by widely differing drinking habits and frequencies of alcohol-related diseases. Methods: We collected a single standardised 24-hour dietary recall per subject from a random sample of the EPIC cohort (36 900 persons initially and 35 955 after exclusion of subjects under 35 and over 74 years of age). This provided detailed information on the distribution of alcohol consumption during the day in relation to main meals, and was used to determine weekly consumption patterns. The crude and adjusted (by age, day of week and season) means of total ethanol consumption and consumption according to type of beverage were stratified by centre and sex. Results: Sex was a strong determinant of drinking patterns in all 10 countries. The highest total alcohol consumption was observed in the Spanish centres (San Sebastian, 41.4 g day(-1)) for men and in Danish centres (Copenhagen, 20.9 g day(-1)) for women. The lowest total alcohol intake was in the Swedish centres (Umea, 10.2 g day(-1)) in men and in Greek women (3.4 g day(-1)). Among men, the main contributor to total alcohol intake was wine in Mediterranean countries and beer in the Dutch, German, Swedish and Danish centres. In most centres, the main source of alcohol for women was wine except for Murcia (Spain), where it was beer. Alcohol consumption, particularly by women, increased markedly during the weekend in nearly all centres. The German, Dutch, UK (general population) and Danish centres were characterised by the highest percentages of alcohol consumption outside mealtimes. Conclusions: The large variation in drinking patterns among the EPIC centres provides an opportunity to better understand the relationship between alcohol and alcohol-related diseases.},
  author       = {Sieri, S and Agudo, A and Kesse, E and Klipstein-Grobusch, K and San-Jose, B and Welch, AA and Krogh, V and Luben, R and Allen, N and Overvad, K and Tjonneland, A and Clavel-Chapelon, F and Thiebaut, A and Miller, AB and Boeing, H and Kolyva, M and Saieva, C and Celentano, E and Ocke, MC and Peeters, PHM and Brustad, M and Kumle, M and Dorronsoro, M and Feito, AF and Mattisson, Iréne and Weinehall, L and Riboli, E and Slimani, N},
  issn         = {1475-2727},
  keyword      = {EPIC study,alcohol consumption,24-hour dietary recall,Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6B},
  pages        = {1287--1296},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Public Health Nutrition},
  title        = {Patterns of alcohol consumption in 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) project},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002405},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2002},
}