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A new framework to evaluate urban design using urban microclimatic modeling in future climatic conditions

Mauree, Dasaraden; Coccolo, Silvia; Perera, Amarasinghage Tharindu Dasun; Nik, Vahid LU ; Scartezzini, Jean Louis and Naboni, Emanuele (2018) In Sustainability (Switzerland) 10(4).
Abstract

Building more energy-efficient and sustainable urban areas that will both mitigate the effects of climate change and anticipate living conditions in future climate scenarios requires the development of new tools and methods that can help urban planners, architects and communities achieve this goal. In the current study, we designed a workflow that links different methodologies developed separately, to derive the energy consumption of a university school campus for the future. Three different scenarios for typical future years (2039, 2069, 2099) were run, as well as a renovation scenario (Minergie-P). We analyzed the impact of climate change on the heating and cooling demand of buildings and determined the relevance of taking into... (More)

Building more energy-efficient and sustainable urban areas that will both mitigate the effects of climate change and anticipate living conditions in future climate scenarios requires the development of new tools and methods that can help urban planners, architects and communities achieve this goal. In the current study, we designed a workflow that links different methodologies developed separately, to derive the energy consumption of a university school campus for the future. Three different scenarios for typical future years (2039, 2069, 2099) were run, as well as a renovation scenario (Minergie-P). We analyzed the impact of climate change on the heating and cooling demand of buildings and determined the relevance of taking into account the local climate in this particular context. The results from the simulations confirmed that in the future, there will be a constant decrease in the heating demand, while the cooling demand will substantially increase. Significantly, it was further demonstrated that when the local urban climate was taken into account, there was an even higher rise in the cooling demand, but also that a set of proposed Minergie-P renovations were not sufficient to achieve resilient buildings. We discuss the implication of this work for the simulation of building energy consumption at the neighborhood scale and the impact of future local climate on energy system design. We finally give a few perspectives regarding improved urban design and possible pathways for future urban areas.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Climate change, Energy system sizing, Sustainable urban planning, Urban climate, Urban design
in
Sustainability (Switzerland)
volume
10
issue
4
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • scopus:85045266105
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su10041134
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
322fef82-21ba-41c5-a3b5-d467b4ef981a
date added to LUP
2018-04-25 16:44:14
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:15:18
@article{322fef82-21ba-41c5-a3b5-d467b4ef981a,
  abstract     = {<p>Building more energy-efficient and sustainable urban areas that will both mitigate the effects of climate change and anticipate living conditions in future climate scenarios requires the development of new tools and methods that can help urban planners, architects and communities achieve this goal. In the current study, we designed a workflow that links different methodologies developed separately, to derive the energy consumption of a university school campus for the future. Three different scenarios for typical future years (2039, 2069, 2099) were run, as well as a renovation scenario (Minergie-P). We analyzed the impact of climate change on the heating and cooling demand of buildings and determined the relevance of taking into account the local climate in this particular context. The results from the simulations confirmed that in the future, there will be a constant decrease in the heating demand, while the cooling demand will substantially increase. Significantly, it was further demonstrated that when the local urban climate was taken into account, there was an even higher rise in the cooling demand, but also that a set of proposed Minergie-P renovations were not sufficient to achieve resilient buildings. We discuss the implication of this work for the simulation of building energy consumption at the neighborhood scale and the impact of future local climate on energy system design. We finally give a few perspectives regarding improved urban design and possible pathways for future urban areas.</p>},
  articleno    = {1134},
  author       = {Mauree, Dasaraden and Coccolo, Silvia and Perera, Amarasinghage Tharindu Dasun and Nik, Vahid and Scartezzini, Jean Louis and Naboni, Emanuele},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  keyword      = {Climate change,Energy system sizing,Sustainable urban planning,Urban climate,Urban design},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  number       = {4},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Sustainability (Switzerland)},
  title        = {A new framework to evaluate urban design using urban microclimatic modeling in future climatic conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su10041134},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2018},
}