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Coping with Chronic Warfare : The Athenian Experience

Lyttkens, Carl Hampus LU and Gerding, Henrik LU (2019) In Working Papers
Abstract
In Classical Athens, being at war was much more common than peace. The military expenditures were correspondingly large. The real enigmatic issue, however, is not financial but where they found the manpower needed for this policy. The number of warships (triremes) was so great that there is no way that the citizen could have dominated in the crews. The main source is likely the non-citizen, free population of Attica. Slaves, one the other hand, would have been very popular as rowers during the final phase of the Peloponnesian war, but not necessarily before. The manpower losses in connection with naval conflicts must have had a significant impact on Athenian society in several ways. We discuss three examples: the switch from ostracism to... (More)
In Classical Athens, being at war was much more common than peace. The military expenditures were correspondingly large. The real enigmatic issue, however, is not financial but where they found the manpower needed for this policy. The number of warships (triremes) was so great that there is no way that the citizen could have dominated in the crews. The main source is likely the non-citizen, free population of Attica. Slaves, one the other hand, would have been very popular as rowers during the final phase of the Peloponnesian war, but not necessarily before. The manpower losses in connection with naval conflicts must have had a significant impact on Athenian society in several ways. We discuss three examples: the switch from ostracism to the graphe paranomon, the new law on citizenship under Perikles, and why the Athenian Assembly put the victorious generals on trial after the victory at Arginoussai. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Working paper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ancient Athens, slaves, rowers, war, demographic change, N13, N43, N93
in
Working Papers
issue
2019:17
pages
28 pages
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
33565bdd-01f0-49bb-8d4b-a591bfabf427
alternative location
https://swopec.hhs.se/lunewp/abs/lunewp2019_017.htm
date added to LUP
2019-11-29 13:00:12
date last changed
2020-02-06 10:58:09
@misc{33565bdd-01f0-49bb-8d4b-a591bfabf427,
  abstract     = {In Classical Athens, being at war was much more common than peace. The military expenditures were correspondingly large. The real enigmatic issue, however, is not financial but where they found the manpower needed for this policy. The number of warships (triremes) was so great that there is no way that the citizen could have dominated in the crews. The main source is likely the non-citizen, free population of Attica. Slaves, one the other hand, would have been very popular as rowers during the final phase of the Peloponnesian war, but not necessarily before. The manpower losses in connection with naval conflicts must have had a significant impact on Athenian society in several ways. We discuss three examples: the switch from ostracism to the graphe paranomon, the new law on citizenship under Perikles, and why the Athenian Assembly put the victorious generals on trial after the victory at Arginoussai.},
  author       = {Lyttkens, Carl Hampus and Gerding, Henrik},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Working Paper},
  number       = {2019:17},
  series       = {Working Papers},
  title        = {Coping with Chronic Warfare : The Athenian Experience},
  url          = {https://swopec.hhs.se/lunewp/abs/lunewp2019_017.htm},
  year         = {2019},
}