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How a picture facilitates the process of learning from text: Evidence for scaffolding

Eitel, Alexander; Scheiter, Katharina; Schüler, Anne; Nyström, Marcus LU and Holmqvist, Kenneth LU (2013) In Learning and Instruction 28. p.48-63
Abstract
Three experiments were conducted to study on a more fine-grained level how processing a picture facilitates learning from text. In Experiment 1 (N = 85), results from a drawing task revealed that the global spatial structure of a pulley system picture was extracted even from its brief inspection (for 600 ms, 2 s). In Experiment 2 (N = 105), students who initially inspected the pulley system picture (for 600 ms, 2 s, or self-paced) had better comprehension of the system's functions and made more eye movements in line with the system's global spatial structure when listening to text than students who listened to text only. In Experiment 3 (N = 39), students who first saw the picture (for 2 s) processed written text of the pulley system's... (More)
Three experiments were conducted to study on a more fine-grained level how processing a picture facilitates learning from text. In Experiment 1 (N = 85), results from a drawing task revealed that the global spatial structure of a pulley system picture was extracted even from its brief inspection (for 600 ms, 2 s). In Experiment 2 (N = 105), students who initially inspected the pulley system picture (for 600 ms, 2 s, or self-paced) had better comprehension of the system's functions and made more eye movements in line with the system's global spatial structure when listening to text than students who listened to text only. In Experiment 3 (N = 39), students who first saw the picture (for 2 s) processed written text of the pulley system's spatial structure more efficiently than students who read text only. Results suggest that global spatial information extracted from the picture was used as a mental scaffold to facilitate mental model construction. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Learning and Instruction
volume
28
pages
48 - 63
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000322943400005
  • scopus:84879590625
ISSN
0959-4752
DOI
10.1016/j.learninstruc.2013.05.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
34692c10-736e-43cc-97dc-05765d25587b (old id 3919813)
date added to LUP
2013-08-26 13:13:14
date last changed
2019-09-17 01:37:24
@article{34692c10-736e-43cc-97dc-05765d25587b,
  abstract     = {Three experiments were conducted to study on a more fine-grained level how processing a picture facilitates learning from text. In Experiment 1 (N = 85), results from a drawing task revealed that the global spatial structure of a pulley system picture was extracted even from its brief inspection (for 600 ms, 2 s). In Experiment 2 (N = 105), students who initially inspected the pulley system picture (for 600 ms, 2 s, or self-paced) had better comprehension of the system's functions and made more eye movements in line with the system's global spatial structure when listening to text than students who listened to text only. In Experiment 3 (N = 39), students who first saw the picture (for 2 s) processed written text of the pulley system's spatial structure more efficiently than students who read text only. Results suggest that global spatial information extracted from the picture was used as a mental scaffold to facilitate mental model construction.},
  author       = {Eitel, Alexander and Scheiter, Katharina and Schüler, Anne and Nyström, Marcus and Holmqvist, Kenneth},
  issn         = {0959-4752},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {48--63},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Learning and Instruction},
  title        = {How a picture facilitates the process of learning from text: Evidence for scaffolding},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2013.05.002},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2013},
}