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Hard fact or illusion? An investigation on momentum in female elite handball from a team perspective

Moesch, Karin LU ; Bäckström, Martin LU ; Granér, Simon LU and Apitzsch, Erwin LU (2014) In International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 12(2). p.106-120
Abstract
Athletes constantly report experiences of momentum during athletic contests, and they consider momentum as being an important factor for the outcome of a competition. However, researchers trying to capture momentum with quantitative methods see themselves confronted with inconclusive results. To explain this gap between athletes’ belief and results from quantitative data, it is hypothesised that momentum might not necessarily happen in

every match, and/or that momentum only emerges in short periods of a match. Taking into account limitations of research done so far, the present study investigates the prevalence of momentum, defined from a behavioural perspective and measured through serial dependence and non-stationarity, in... (More)
Athletes constantly report experiences of momentum during athletic contests, and they consider momentum as being an important factor for the outcome of a competition. However, researchers trying to capture momentum with quantitative methods see themselves confronted with inconclusive results. To explain this gap between athletes’ belief and results from quantitative data, it is hypothesised that momentum might not necessarily happen in

every match, and/or that momentum only emerges in short periods of a match. Taking into account limitations of research done so far, the present study investigates the prevalence of momentum, defined from a behavioural perspective and measured through serial dependence and non-stationarity, in female elite handball. In order to take into account players’ judgements of different match events, a pre-study was done with 49 female elite players. These data were used to estimate autocorrelations and χ2 tests from 43 matches in 2 play-off round of the Swedish Championships. In line with existing studies, the results confirmed that momentum was difficult to capture in the behavioural analysis: The results revealed that only 11.6% (autocorrelations), respectively, 16.3% (χ2 tests) of the matches

showed signs for momentum, and some matches even showed signs for anti-momentum. However, it emerged that five-minute periods of momentum happen in nearly 75% of all matches. This result led to the hypothesis that athletes base their belief in momentum on such short-term periods, but that momentum normally not lasts for a complete match. The results are discussed in light of the existing literature, and propositions for future research are provided. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
handball, serial dependence, non-stationarity, psychological momentum, behavioural momentum
in
International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
volume
12
issue
2
pages
106 - 120
publisher
Fitness Information Technology Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:84898663085
ISSN
1557-251X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d14887b1-5ccc-47ad-bed1-fb60fead0d11 (old id 3628860)
date added to LUP
2013-04-02 10:52:50
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:19:55
@article{d14887b1-5ccc-47ad-bed1-fb60fead0d11,
  abstract     = {Athletes constantly report experiences of momentum during athletic contests, and they consider momentum as being an important factor for the outcome of a competition. However, researchers trying to capture momentum with quantitative methods see themselves confronted with inconclusive results. To explain this gap between athletes’ belief and results from quantitative data, it is hypothesised that momentum might not necessarily happen in<br/><br>
every match, and/or that momentum only emerges in short periods of a match. Taking into account limitations of research done so far, the present study investigates the prevalence of momentum, defined from a behavioural perspective and measured through serial dependence and non-stationarity, in female elite handball. In order to take into account players’ judgements of different match events, a pre-study was done with 49 female elite players. These data were used to estimate autocorrelations and χ2 tests from 43 matches in 2 play-off round of the Swedish Championships. In line with existing studies, the results confirmed that momentum was difficult to capture in the behavioural analysis: The results revealed that only 11.6% (autocorrelations), respectively, 16.3% (χ2 tests) of the matches<br/><br>
showed signs for momentum, and some matches even showed signs for anti-momentum. However, it emerged that five-minute periods of momentum happen in nearly 75% of all matches. This result led to the hypothesis that athletes base their belief in momentum on such short-term periods, but that momentum normally not lasts for a complete match. The results are discussed in light of the existing literature, and propositions for future research are provided.},
  author       = {Moesch, Karin and Bäckström, Martin and Granér, Simon and Apitzsch, Erwin},
  issn         = {1557-251X},
  keyword      = {handball,serial dependence,non-stationarity,psychological momentum,behavioural momentum},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {106--120},
  publisher    = {Fitness Information Technology Inc.},
  series       = {International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology},
  title        = {Hard fact or illusion? An investigation on momentum in female elite handball from a team perspective},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2014},
}