Advanced

Social inequality and marginalization in post-disaster recovery : Challenging the consensus?

Kammerbauer, Mark LU and Wamsler, Christine LU (2017) In International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 24. p.411-418
Abstract

Disasters and subsequent recovery efforts often reinforce social inequality and marginalization, hampering sustainable development paths. This paper presents an analysis of inequality and marginalization effects of post-disaster reconstruction from a risk governance perspective. Using a mixed-methods approach, we examine the Fischerdorf and Natternberg districts of the German city of Deggendorf, severely affected by the 2013 floods in Europe. The findings show that social inequality and marginalization affected housing reconstruction (and vice versa) in unexpected ways. Uninsured groups (such as the elderly and migrant homeowners) received prompt, ad-hoc support from state and civil society actors, while insured homeowners (mostly... (More)

Disasters and subsequent recovery efforts often reinforce social inequality and marginalization, hampering sustainable development paths. This paper presents an analysis of inequality and marginalization effects of post-disaster reconstruction from a risk governance perspective. Using a mixed-methods approach, we examine the Fischerdorf and Natternberg districts of the German city of Deggendorf, severely affected by the 2013 floods in Europe. The findings show that social inequality and marginalization affected housing reconstruction (and vice versa) in unexpected ways. Uninsured groups (such as the elderly and migrant homeowners) received prompt, ad-hoc support from state and civil society actors, while insured homeowners (mostly higher-income groups) experienced ongoing disputes between state and market actors that hampered their recovery. Some marginalized groups could not access state support, as various aspects of cultural diversity were not adequately considered. This fostered, and created new, patterns of inequality and risk. The ad-hoc engagement of civil society was crucial, but insufficient, to fully buffer the effects of inequality and marginalization resulting from formal recovery processes. We conclude that it is critical to give more attention to the interplay, and power constellations, between state, market and civil society actors to facilitate sustainable recovery and development – by counteracting potential inequality and marginalization effects. Increased consideration of cultural diversity and the support of citizens who play dual roles (and can mediate between different actors) was identified to be vital in this context. We thus call for increased research into the issue of complementary city–citizen rights and responsibilities in risk reduction and adaptation planning.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Climate change adaptation, Disaster insurance, Disaster recovery, Facilitation, Housing rehabilitation, Inequality, Marginalization, Reconstruction, Resilience, Risk governance, Urban planning
in
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
volume
24
pages
8 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85026236533
ISSN
2212-4209
DOI
10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.06.019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
38322e15-298e-4be4-afcc-61ea9da74c8f
date added to LUP
2017-08-04 09:59:17
date last changed
2017-08-04 09:59:17
@article{38322e15-298e-4be4-afcc-61ea9da74c8f,
  abstract     = {<p>Disasters and subsequent recovery efforts often reinforce social inequality and marginalization, hampering sustainable development paths. This paper presents an analysis of inequality and marginalization effects of post-disaster reconstruction from a risk governance perspective. Using a mixed-methods approach, we examine the Fischerdorf and Natternberg districts of the German city of Deggendorf, severely affected by the 2013 floods in Europe. The findings show that social inequality and marginalization affected housing reconstruction (and vice versa) in unexpected ways. Uninsured groups (such as the elderly and migrant homeowners) received prompt, ad-hoc support from state and civil society actors, while insured homeowners (mostly higher-income groups) experienced ongoing disputes between state and market actors that hampered their recovery. Some marginalized groups could not access state support, as various aspects of cultural diversity were not adequately considered. This fostered, and created new, patterns of inequality and risk. The ad-hoc engagement of civil society was crucial, but insufficient, to fully buffer the effects of inequality and marginalization resulting from formal recovery processes. We conclude that it is critical to give more attention to the interplay, and power constellations, between state, market and civil society actors to facilitate sustainable recovery and development – by counteracting potential inequality and marginalization effects. Increased consideration of cultural diversity and the support of citizens who play dual roles (and can mediate between different actors) was identified to be vital in this context. We thus call for increased research into the issue of complementary city–citizen rights and responsibilities in risk reduction and adaptation planning.</p>},
  author       = {Kammerbauer, Mark and Wamsler, Christine},
  issn         = {2212-4209},
  keyword      = {Climate change adaptation,Disaster insurance,Disaster recovery,Facilitation,Housing rehabilitation,Inequality,Marginalization,Reconstruction,Resilience,Risk governance,Urban planning},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {411--418},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction},
  title        = {Social inequality and marginalization in post-disaster recovery : Challenging the consensus?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.06.019},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2017},
}