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Energy Use and Environmental Impact of New Residential Buildings

Adalberth, Karin LU (2000) In Report TVBH 1012.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingens syfte är att undersöka energianvändningen och miljöpåverkan från bostäder. Sju autentiska byggnader byggda under 1990-talet i Sverige har studerats. De är analyserade med avseende på energianvändningen och miljöpåverkan under deras livscykel: tillverkning av byggnadsmaterial, transport av byggnadsmaterial och -komponenter till byggarbetsplats, uppförande, brukarskedet av byggnaden, underhåll, och slutligen rivning och borttransportering av uttjänt material.



Resultaten visar att ca 85 % av det totala energibehovet under livscykeln används under brukarskedet. Energianvändningen för att tillverka byggnadsmaterial utgör ca 15 % av den totala energianvändningen. 70-90... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingens syfte är att undersöka energianvändningen och miljöpåverkan från bostäder. Sju autentiska byggnader byggda under 1990-talet i Sverige har studerats. De är analyserade med avseende på energianvändningen och miljöpåverkan under deras livscykel: tillverkning av byggnadsmaterial, transport av byggnadsmaterial och -komponenter till byggarbetsplats, uppförande, brukarskedet av byggnaden, underhåll, och slutligen rivning och borttransportering av uttjänt material.



Resultaten visar att ca 85 % av det totala energibehovet under livscykeln används under brukarskedet. Energianvändningen för att tillverka byggnadsmaterial utgör ca 15 % av den totala energianvändningen. 70-90 % av den totala miljöpåverkan uppstår under brukarskedet, medan tillverkning av byggnadsmaterial utgör 10-20%. Sammanfattningsvis utgör energianvändningen och miljöpåverkan under brukarskedet en stor andel av den totala.



Avhandlingen avslutas med ett beräkningsverktyg, avsett för arkitekter och byggherrar att uppskatta energibehovet för nya flerbostadshus. Denna uppskattning görs innan konstruktions- och installationsritningar tas fram. På så sätt kan olika termiska egenskaper simuleras och utvärderas för att i slutändan erhålla ett energieffektivt och miljöanpassat hus. (Less)
Abstract
The objective of this thesis is to investigate the energy use and environmental impact of residential buildings. Seven authentic buildings built in the 1990s in Sweden are investigated. They are analysed according to energy use and environmental impact during their life cycle: manufacture of building materials, transport of building materials and components to the building site, erection to a building, occupancy, maintenance and renovation, and finally demolition and removal of debris.



Results show that approx. 85 % of the total estimated energy use during the life cycle is used during the occupation phase. The energy used to manufacture building and installation materials constitutes approx. 15 % of the total energy... (More)
The objective of this thesis is to investigate the energy use and environmental impact of residential buildings. Seven authentic buildings built in the 1990s in Sweden are investigated. They are analysed according to energy use and environmental impact during their life cycle: manufacture of building materials, transport of building materials and components to the building site, erection to a building, occupancy, maintenance and renovation, and finally demolition and removal of debris.



Results show that approx. 85 % of the total estimated energy use during the life cycle is used during the occupation phase. The energy used to manufacture building and installation materials constitutes approx. 15 % of the total energy use. 70-90 % of the total environmental impact arises during the occupation phase, while the manufacture of construction and installation materials constitutes 10-20 %. In conclusion, the energy use and environmental impact during the occupation phase make up a majority of the total.



At the end of the thesis, a tool is presented which helps designers and clients predict the energy use during the occupation phase for a future multi-family building before any constructional or installation drawings are made. In this way, different thermal properties may be elaborated in order to receive an energy-efficient and environmentally adapted dwelling. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Prof. Svendsen, Svend, DTU, Denmark
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
life cycle, environmental impact, energy demand, energy use, multi-family building, single-unit dwelling, building, residential building, Building construction, Byggnadsteknik
in
Report TVBH
volume
1012
pages
132 pages
publisher
Byggnadsfysik LTH, Lunds Tekniska Högskola
defense location
At Auditorium V:C, LTH
defense date
2000-02-25 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:TVBH-1012
ISSN
0349-4950
ISBN
91-88722-20-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
80690e2a-101a-46ce-8bfa-cb19475018fc (old id 40295)
date added to LUP
2007-06-20 11:32:17
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:54
@phdthesis{80690e2a-101a-46ce-8bfa-cb19475018fc,
  abstract     = {The objective of this thesis is to investigate the energy use and environmental impact of residential buildings. Seven authentic buildings built in the 1990s in Sweden are investigated. They are analysed according to energy use and environmental impact during their life cycle: manufacture of building materials, transport of building materials and components to the building site, erection to a building, occupancy, maintenance and renovation, and finally demolition and removal of debris.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results show that approx. 85 % of the total estimated energy use during the life cycle is used during the occupation phase. The energy used to manufacture building and installation materials constitutes approx. 15 % of the total energy use. 70-90 % of the total environmental impact arises during the occupation phase, while the manufacture of construction and installation materials constitutes 10-20 %. In conclusion, the energy use and environmental impact during the occupation phase make up a majority of the total.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
At the end of the thesis, a tool is presented which helps designers and clients predict the energy use during the occupation phase for a future multi-family building before any constructional or installation drawings are made. In this way, different thermal properties may be elaborated in order to receive an energy-efficient and environmentally adapted dwelling.},
  author       = {Adalberth, Karin},
  isbn         = {91-88722-20-1},
  issn         = {0349-4950},
  keyword      = {life cycle,environmental impact,energy demand,energy use,multi-family building,single-unit dwelling,building,residential building,Building construction,Byggnadsteknik},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {132},
  publisher    = {Byggnadsfysik LTH, Lunds Tekniska Högskola},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Report TVBH},
  title        = {Energy Use and Environmental Impact of New Residential Buildings},
  volume       = {1012},
  year         = {2000},
}