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Biases in News Media as Reflected by Personal Pronouns in Evaluative Contexts

Gustafsson, Marie; Sikström, Sverker LU and Lindgren, Torun (2014) In Social Psychology 45(2). p.103-111
Abstract
In this paper, we study whether pronouns in news media are used in evaluative contexts reflecting psychological biases. The evaluative contexts of pronouns are measured by computerized sentiment analysis, enabling analyses of large text corpora and subtle evaluative differences in how words are used in contexts. The results show that self-inclusive personal pronouns (We, I) occur in more positive contexts than self-exclusive personal pronouns (He/She,They), reflecting self- and group-serving biases. The context of collective pronouns is more differentiated than that of individual pronouns, such that We occur in the most positive context whereas They occur in the most negative context, possibly reflecting a motivation caused by competition... (More)
In this paper, we study whether pronouns in news media are used in evaluative contexts reflecting psychological biases. The evaluative contexts of pronouns are measured by computerized sentiment analysis, enabling analyses of large text corpora and subtle evaluative differences in how words are used in contexts. The results show that self-inclusive personal pronouns (We, I) occur in more positive contexts than self-exclusive personal pronouns (He/She,They), reflecting self- and group-serving biases. The context of collective pronouns is more differentiated than that of individual pronouns, such that We occur in the most positive context whereas They occur in the most negative context, possibly reflecting a motivation caused by competition between groups. The implications of using pronouns in studies of social processes are discussed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
pronouns in social categorization, language bias, intergroup bias, self-serving bias, latent semantic analysis, implicit attitudes
in
Social Psychology
volume
45
issue
2
pages
103 - 111
publisher
Hogrefe & Huber Publishers
external identifiers
  • wos:000333428500005
  • scopus:84899050781
ISSN
2151-2590
DOI
10.1027/1864-9335/a000165
project
Semantic Spaces
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
05447738-d5ab-47fc-8cd1-4ab6e8296f98 (old id 4057470)
date added to LUP
2013-09-24 12:49:23
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:00:51
@article{05447738-d5ab-47fc-8cd1-4ab6e8296f98,
  abstract     = {In this paper, we study whether pronouns in news media are used in evaluative contexts reflecting psychological biases. The evaluative contexts of pronouns are measured by computerized sentiment analysis, enabling analyses of large text corpora and subtle evaluative differences in how words are used in contexts. The results show that self-inclusive personal pronouns (We, I) occur in more positive contexts than self-exclusive personal pronouns (He/She,They), reflecting self- and group-serving biases. The context of collective pronouns is more differentiated than that of individual pronouns, such that We occur in the most positive context whereas They occur in the most negative context, possibly reflecting a motivation caused by competition between groups. The implications of using pronouns in studies of social processes are discussed.},
  author       = {Gustafsson, Marie and Sikström, Sverker and Lindgren, Torun},
  issn         = {2151-2590},
  keyword      = {pronouns in social categorization,language bias,intergroup bias,self-serving bias,latent semantic analysis,implicit attitudes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {103--111},
  publisher    = {Hogrefe & Huber Publishers},
  series       = {Social Psychology},
  title        = {Biases in News Media as Reflected by Personal Pronouns in Evaluative Contexts},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000165},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2014},
}