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Look Here, Eye Movements Play a Functional Role in Memory Retrieval.

Johansson, Roger LU and Johansson, Mikael LU (2014) In Psychological Science 25(1). p.236-242
Abstract
Research on episodic memory has established that spontaneous eye movements occur to spaces associated with retrieved information even if those spaces are blank at the time of retrieval. Although it has been claimed that such looks to "nothing" can function as facilitatory retrieval cues, there is currently no conclusive evidence for such an effect. In the present study, we addressed this fundamental issue using four direct eye manipulations in the retrieval phase of an episodic memory task: (a) free viewing on a blank screen, (b) maintaining central fixation, (c) looking inside a square congruent with the location of the to-be-recalled objects, and (d) looking inside a square incongruent with the location of the to-be-recalled objects. Our... (More)
Research on episodic memory has established that spontaneous eye movements occur to spaces associated with retrieved information even if those spaces are blank at the time of retrieval. Although it has been claimed that such looks to "nothing" can function as facilitatory retrieval cues, there is currently no conclusive evidence for such an effect. In the present study, we addressed this fundamental issue using four direct eye manipulations in the retrieval phase of an episodic memory task: (a) free viewing on a blank screen, (b) maintaining central fixation, (c) looking inside a square congruent with the location of the to-be-recalled objects, and (d) looking inside a square incongruent with the location of the to-be-recalled objects. Our results provide novel evidence of an active and facilitatory role of gaze position during memory retrieval and demonstrate that memory for the spatial relationship between objects is more readily affected than memory for intrinsic object features. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
memory retrieval, eye movements, episodic memory, encoding-recall, visual
in
Psychological Science
volume
25
issue
1
pages
236 - 242
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000329486300027
  • pmid:24166856
  • scopus:84891915758
ISSN
0956-7976
DOI
10.1177/0956797613498260
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b4771094-fd53-4058-ab28-b969fb3c4482 (old id 4142915)
date added to LUP
2013-11-08 13:48:25
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:23:06
@article{b4771094-fd53-4058-ab28-b969fb3c4482,
  abstract     = {Research on episodic memory has established that spontaneous eye movements occur to spaces associated with retrieved information even if those spaces are blank at the time of retrieval. Although it has been claimed that such looks to "nothing" can function as facilitatory retrieval cues, there is currently no conclusive evidence for such an effect. In the present study, we addressed this fundamental issue using four direct eye manipulations in the retrieval phase of an episodic memory task: (a) free viewing on a blank screen, (b) maintaining central fixation, (c) looking inside a square congruent with the location of the to-be-recalled objects, and (d) looking inside a square incongruent with the location of the to-be-recalled objects. Our results provide novel evidence of an active and facilitatory role of gaze position during memory retrieval and demonstrate that memory for the spatial relationship between objects is more readily affected than memory for intrinsic object features.},
  author       = {Johansson, Roger and Johansson, Mikael},
  issn         = {0956-7976},
  keyword      = {memory retrieval,eye movements,episodic memory,encoding-recall,visual},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {236--242},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Psychological Science},
  title        = {Look Here, Eye Movements Play a Functional Role in Memory Retrieval.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797613498260},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2014},
}