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Abundances of disk and bulge giants from high-resolution optical spectra : I. O, Mg, Ca, and Ti in the solar neighborhood and Kepler field samples

Jönsson, H. LU ; Ryde, N. LU ; Nordlander, T.; Pehlivan, Asli LU ; Hartman, H. LU ; Jönsson, P. and Eriksson, K. (2017) In Astronomy and Astrophysics 598.
Abstract

Context. The Galactic bulge is an intriguing and significant part of our Galaxy, but it is hard to observe because it is both distant and covered by dust in the disk. Therefore, there are not many high-resolution optical spectra of bulge stars with large wavelength coverage, whose determined abundances can be compared with nearby, similarly analyzed stellar samples. Aims. We aim to determine the diagnostically important alpha elements of a sample of bulge giants using high-resolution optical spectra with large wavelength coverage. The abundances found are compared to similarly derived abundances from similar spectra of similar stars in the local thin and thick disks. In this first paper we focus on the solar neighborhood reference... (More)

Context. The Galactic bulge is an intriguing and significant part of our Galaxy, but it is hard to observe because it is both distant and covered by dust in the disk. Therefore, there are not many high-resolution optical spectra of bulge stars with large wavelength coverage, whose determined abundances can be compared with nearby, similarly analyzed stellar samples. Aims. We aim to determine the diagnostically important alpha elements of a sample of bulge giants using high-resolution optical spectra with large wavelength coverage. The abundances found are compared to similarly derived abundances from similar spectra of similar stars in the local thin and thick disks. In this first paper we focus on the solar neighborhood reference sample. Methods. We used spectral synthesis to derive the stellar parameters as well as the elemental abundances of both the local and bulge samples of giants. We took special care to benchmark our method of determining stellar parameters against independent measurements of effective temperatures from angular diameter measurements and surface gravities from asteroseismology. Results. In this first paper we present the method used to determine the stellar parameters and elemental abundances, evaluate them, and present the results for our local disk sample of 291 giants. Conclusions. When comparing our determined spectroscopic temperatures to those derived from angular diameter measurements, we reproduce these with a systematic difference of +10 K and a standard deviation of 53 K. The spectroscopic gravities reproduce those determined from asteroseismology with a systematic offset of +0.10 dex and a standard deviation of 0.12 dex. When it comes to the abundance trends, our sample of local disk giants closely follows trends found in other works analyzing solar neighborhood dwarfs, showing that the much brighter giant stars are as good abundance probes as the often used dwarfs.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Galaxy: evolution, Solar neighborhood, Stars: abundances
in
Astronomy and Astrophysics
volume
598
publisher
EDP Sciences
external identifiers
  • scopus:85012056779
  • wos:000394465000099
ISSN
0004-6361
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361/201629128
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
434ca26e-2708-4933-af0c-e7a3248bc3f3
date added to LUP
2017-02-23 09:56:21
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:52:12
@article{434ca26e-2708-4933-af0c-e7a3248bc3f3,
  abstract     = {<p>Context. The Galactic bulge is an intriguing and significant part of our Galaxy, but it is hard to observe because it is both distant and covered by dust in the disk. Therefore, there are not many high-resolution optical spectra of bulge stars with large wavelength coverage, whose determined abundances can be compared with nearby, similarly analyzed stellar samples. Aims. We aim to determine the diagnostically important alpha elements of a sample of bulge giants using high-resolution optical spectra with large wavelength coverage. The abundances found are compared to similarly derived abundances from similar spectra of similar stars in the local thin and thick disks. In this first paper we focus on the solar neighborhood reference sample. Methods. We used spectral synthesis to derive the stellar parameters as well as the elemental abundances of both the local and bulge samples of giants. We took special care to benchmark our method of determining stellar parameters against independent measurements of effective temperatures from angular diameter measurements and surface gravities from asteroseismology. Results. In this first paper we present the method used to determine the stellar parameters and elemental abundances, evaluate them, and present the results for our local disk sample of 291 giants. Conclusions. When comparing our determined spectroscopic temperatures to those derived from angular diameter measurements, we reproduce these with a systematic difference of +10 K and a standard deviation of 53 K. The spectroscopic gravities reproduce those determined from asteroseismology with a systematic offset of +0.10 dex and a standard deviation of 0.12 dex. When it comes to the abundance trends, our sample of local disk giants closely follows trends found in other works analyzing solar neighborhood dwarfs, showing that the much brighter giant stars are as good abundance probes as the often used dwarfs.</p>},
  articleno    = {A100},
  author       = {Jönsson, H. and Ryde, N. and Nordlander, T. and Pehlivan, Asli and Hartman, H. and Jönsson, P. and Eriksson, K.},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  keyword      = {Galaxy: evolution,Solar neighborhood,Stars: abundances},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  title        = {Abundances of disk and bulge giants from high-resolution optical spectra : I. O, Mg, Ca, and Ti in the solar neighborhood and Kepler field samples},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201629128},
  volume       = {598},
  year         = {2017},
}