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Evacuation in Underground Rail Transportation Systems: A Summary of the Findings of the METRO Project

Fridolf, Karl LU and Frantzich, Håkan LU (2014) Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security In Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014 p.485-494
Abstract
The paper presents the major findings from the three evacuation experiments being part of the Swedish METRO research project. In the evacuation experiments; the small, medium and full-scale experiments, investigations were carried out with the purpose to study how train passengers safely can be evacuated in case of a fire emergency. In addition to determine flow rates, the walking velocity and walking patterns were determined for in a smokefilled environment and in non-smoke conditions. It was also concluded that the introduction of a loudspeaker above the emergency exit, which broadcasted an alternating alarm signal and pre-recorded voice message, was successful.The reader is referred to the original publications for more details on... (More)
The paper presents the major findings from the three evacuation experiments being part of the Swedish METRO research project. In the evacuation experiments; the small, medium and full-scale experiments, investigations were carried out with the purpose to study how train passengers safely can be evacuated in case of a fire emergency. In addition to determine flow rates, the walking velocity and walking patterns were determined for in a smokefilled environment and in non-smoke conditions. It was also concluded that the introduction of a loudspeaker above the emergency exit, which broadcasted an alternating alarm signal and pre-recorded voice message, was successful.The reader is referred to the original publications for more details on experimental procedures, research findings and recommendations for projects. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
metro, train, underground rail transportation systems, smoke, movement, human behaviour in fire, flow rate of people, walking speed, evacuation
in
Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014
editor
Lönnermark, Anders; Ingason, Hukur; and
pages
485 - 494
publisher
SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden
conference name
Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security
external identifiers
  • other:SP Report 2014:03
ISSN
0284-5172
ISBN
978-91-87461-52-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
271c63fe-f21c-4110-94bf-a6a457247ce3 (old id 4359811)
date added to LUP
2014-03-28 11:10:28
date last changed
2016-04-16 01:43:16
@inproceedings{271c63fe-f21c-4110-94bf-a6a457247ce3,
  abstract     = {The paper presents the major findings from the three evacuation experiments being part of the Swedish METRO research project. In the evacuation experiments; the small, medium and full-scale experiments, investigations were carried out with the purpose to study how train passengers safely can be evacuated in case of a fire emergency. In addition to determine flow rates, the walking velocity and walking patterns were determined for in a smokefilled environment and in non-smoke conditions. It was also concluded that the introduction of a loudspeaker above the emergency exit, which broadcasted an alternating alarm signal and pre-recorded voice message, was successful.The reader is referred to the original publications for more details on experimental procedures, research findings and recommendations for projects.},
  author       = {Fridolf, Karl and Frantzich, Håkan},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014},
  editor       = {Lönnermark, Anders and Ingason, Hukur},
  isbn         = {978-91-87461-52-1},
  issn         = {0284-5172},
  keyword      = {metro,train,underground rail transportation systems,smoke,movement,human behaviour in fire,flow rate of people,walking speed,evacuation},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {485--494},
  publisher    = {SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden},
  title        = {Evacuation in Underground Rail Transportation Systems: A Summary of the Findings of the METRO Project},
  year         = {2014},
}