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Morphological and electronic properties of epitaxial graphene on SiC

Yakimova, R.; Iakimov, T.; Yazdi, G. R.; Bouhafs, C.; Eriksson, J.; Zakharov, Alexei LU ; Boosalis, A.; Schubert, M. and Darakchieva, V. (2014) In Physica B: Condensed Matter 439. p.54-59
Abstract
We report on the structural and electronic properties of graphene grown on SiC by high-temperature sublimation. We have studied thickness uniformity of graphene grown on 4H-SiC (0 0 0 1), 6H-SiC (0 0 0 1), and 3C-SiC (1 1 1) substrates and investigated in detail graphene surface morphology and electronic properties. Differences in the thickness uniformity of the graphene layers on different SiC polytypes is related mainly to the minimization of the terrace surface energy during the step bunching process. It is also shown that a lower substrate surface roughness results in more uniform step bunching and consequently better quality of the grown graphene. We have compared the three SiC polytypes with a clear conclusion in favor of 3C-SiC.... (More)
We report on the structural and electronic properties of graphene grown on SiC by high-temperature sublimation. We have studied thickness uniformity of graphene grown on 4H-SiC (0 0 0 1), 6H-SiC (0 0 0 1), and 3C-SiC (1 1 1) substrates and investigated in detail graphene surface morphology and electronic properties. Differences in the thickness uniformity of the graphene layers on different SiC polytypes is related mainly to the minimization of the terrace surface energy during the step bunching process. It is also shown that a lower substrate surface roughness results in more uniform step bunching and consequently better quality of the grown graphene. We have compared the three SiC polytypes with a clear conclusion in favor of 3C-SiC. Localized lateral variations in the Fermi energy of graphene are mapped by scanning Kelvin probe microscopy It is found that the overall single-layer graphene coverage depends strongly on the surface terrace width, where a more homogeneous coverage is favored by wider terraces, It is observed that the step distance is a dominating, factor in determining the unintentional doping of graphene from the SiC substrate. Microfocal spectroscopic ellipsometry mapping of the electronic properties and thickness of epitaxial graphene on 3C-SiC (1 1 1) is also reported. Growth of one monolayer graphene is demonstrated on both Si- and C-polarity of the 3C-SiC substrates and it is shown that large area homogeneous single monolayer graphene can be achieved on the Si-face substrates. Correlations between the number of graphene monolayers on one hand and the main transition associated with an exciton enhanced van Hove singularity at similar to 4.5 eV and the free-charge carrier scattering time, on the other are established It is shown that the interface structure on the Si- and C-polarity of the 3C-SiC (1 1 1) differs and has a determining role for the thickness and electronic properties homogeneity of the epitaxial graphene. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Epitaxial graphene, Sublimation of SiC, Electronic properties, Step-bunching, Spectroscopic ellipsometry mapping
in
Physica B: Condensed Matter
volume
439
pages
54 - 59
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000331620700012
  • scopus:84894642688
ISSN
0921-4526
DOI
10.1016/j.physb.2013.12.048
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
51a6a620-f5a7-4194-b463-83a5dba059de (old id 4363618)
date added to LUP
2014-04-23 13:59:01
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:21:23
@article{51a6a620-f5a7-4194-b463-83a5dba059de,
  abstract     = {We report on the structural and electronic properties of graphene grown on SiC by high-temperature sublimation. We have studied thickness uniformity of graphene grown on 4H-SiC (0 0 0 1), 6H-SiC (0 0 0 1), and 3C-SiC (1 1 1) substrates and investigated in detail graphene surface morphology and electronic properties. Differences in the thickness uniformity of the graphene layers on different SiC polytypes is related mainly to the minimization of the terrace surface energy during the step bunching process. It is also shown that a lower substrate surface roughness results in more uniform step bunching and consequently better quality of the grown graphene. We have compared the three SiC polytypes with a clear conclusion in favor of 3C-SiC. Localized lateral variations in the Fermi energy of graphene are mapped by scanning Kelvin probe microscopy It is found that the overall single-layer graphene coverage depends strongly on the surface terrace width, where a more homogeneous coverage is favored by wider terraces, It is observed that the step distance is a dominating, factor in determining the unintentional doping of graphene from the SiC substrate. Microfocal spectroscopic ellipsometry mapping of the electronic properties and thickness of epitaxial graphene on 3C-SiC (1 1 1) is also reported. Growth of one monolayer graphene is demonstrated on both Si- and C-polarity of the 3C-SiC substrates and it is shown that large area homogeneous single monolayer graphene can be achieved on the Si-face substrates. Correlations between the number of graphene monolayers on one hand and the main transition associated with an exciton enhanced van Hove singularity at similar to 4.5 eV and the free-charge carrier scattering time, on the other are established It is shown that the interface structure on the Si- and C-polarity of the 3C-SiC (1 1 1) differs and has a determining role for the thickness and electronic properties homogeneity of the epitaxial graphene. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved},
  author       = {Yakimova, R. and Iakimov, T. and Yazdi, G. R. and Bouhafs, C. and Eriksson, J. and Zakharov, Alexei and Boosalis, A. and Schubert, M. and Darakchieva, V.},
  issn         = {0921-4526},
  keyword      = {Epitaxial graphene,Sublimation of SiC,Electronic properties,Step-bunching,Spectroscopic ellipsometry mapping},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {54--59},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Physica B: Condensed Matter},
  title        = {Morphological and electronic properties of epitaxial graphene on SiC},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2013.12.048},
  volume       = {439},
  year         = {2014},
}