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Emotional reactions, perceived impact and perceived responsibility mediate the identifiable victim effect, proportion dominance effect and in-group effect respectively

Erlandsson, Arvid LU ; Björklund, Fredrik LU and Bäckström, Martin LU (2015) In Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 127(March). p.1-14
Abstract
This study investigated possible mediators of the identifiable victim effect (IVE), the proportion dominance effect (PDE), and the in-group effect (IGE) in helping situations. In Studies 1-3, participants rated their emotional reactions (distress and sympathy toward the victims), perceived impact of helping, perceived responsibility to help, and helping motivation toward four versions of a helping situation. Gradually increasing victim identifiability in the helping situations primarily affected emotional reactions and sympathy completely mediated the IVE. Gradually making the reference-group smaller primarily affected perceived impact, and impact completely mediated the PDE. Gradually increasing in-groupness primarily affected perceived... (More)
This study investigated possible mediators of the identifiable victim effect (IVE), the proportion dominance effect (PDE), and the in-group effect (IGE) in helping situations. In Studies 1-3, participants rated their emotional reactions (distress and sympathy toward the victims), perceived impact of helping, perceived responsibility to help, and helping motivation toward four versions of a helping situation. Gradually increasing victim identifiability in the helping situations primarily affected emotional reactions and sympathy completely mediated the IVE. Gradually making the reference-group smaller primarily affected perceived impact, and impact completely mediated the PDE. Gradually increasing in-groupness primarily affected perceived responsibility, and responsibility completely mediated the IGE. Study 4 included real monetary allocations and largely replicated the results using a between-subject design. Together, the results shed light on how contextual factors trigger help motivation, and indicate that different helping effects are primarily mediated by different mechanisms. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
decision modes, emotional reactions, helping, identifiable victim effect, in-group bias, perceived responsibility, perceived impact, proportion dominance effect, sympathy
in
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
volume
127
issue
March
pages
1 - 14
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000355026300002
  • scopus:84917729561
ISSN
0749-5978
DOI
10.1016/j.obhdp.2014.11.003
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0a8b768b-ab19-4a62-9eac-0a5bdf7e8e69 (old id 4810273)
date added to LUP
2014-11-21 15:13:22
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:04:05
@article{0a8b768b-ab19-4a62-9eac-0a5bdf7e8e69,
  abstract     = {This study investigated possible mediators of the identifiable victim effect (IVE), the proportion dominance effect (PDE), and the in-group effect (IGE) in helping situations. In Studies 1-3, participants rated their emotional reactions (distress and sympathy toward the victims), perceived impact of helping, perceived responsibility to help, and helping motivation toward four versions of a helping situation. Gradually increasing victim identifiability in the helping situations primarily affected emotional reactions and sympathy completely mediated the IVE. Gradually making the reference-group smaller primarily affected perceived impact, and impact completely mediated the PDE. Gradually increasing in-groupness primarily affected perceived responsibility, and responsibility completely mediated the IGE. Study 4 included real monetary allocations and largely replicated the results using a between-subject design. Together, the results shed light on how contextual factors trigger help motivation, and indicate that different helping effects are primarily mediated by different mechanisms.},
  author       = {Erlandsson, Arvid and Björklund, Fredrik and Bäckström, Martin},
  issn         = {0749-5978},
  keyword      = {decision modes,emotional reactions,helping,identifiable victim effect,in-group bias,perceived responsibility,perceived impact,proportion dominance effect,sympathy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {March},
  pages        = {1--14},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes},
  title        = {Emotional reactions, perceived impact and perceived responsibility mediate the identifiable victim effect, proportion dominance effect and in-group effect respectively},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2014.11.003},
  volume       = {127},
  year         = {2015},
}