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Exposure to Workplace Bullying and Risk of Depression

Gullander, Maria; Hogh, Annie; Hansen, Ase Marie; Persson, Roger LU ; Rugulies, Reiner; Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Thomsen, Jane Frølund; Willert, Morten Veis; Grynderup, Matias and Mors, Ole, et al. (2014) In Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 56(12). p.1258-1265
Abstract
OBJECTIVE:



We examined the prospective association between self-labeled and witness-reported bullying and the risk of newly onset of depression.

METHODS:



Employees were recruited from two cohorts of 3196 and 2002 employees, respectively. Participants received a questionnaire at baseline in 2006 to 2007 with follow-up in 2008 to 2009 and 2011. New cases of depression were diagnosed in the follow-up using Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews and the Major Depression Inventory questionnaire.

RESULTS:



We identified 147 new cases of depression. The odds ratio for newly onset depression among participants reporting bullying occasionally was 2.17... (More)
OBJECTIVE:



We examined the prospective association between self-labeled and witness-reported bullying and the risk of newly onset of depression.

METHODS:



Employees were recruited from two cohorts of 3196 and 2002 employees, respectively. Participants received a questionnaire at baseline in 2006 to 2007 with follow-up in 2008 to 2009 and 2011. New cases of depression were diagnosed in the follow-up using Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews and the Major Depression Inventory questionnaire.

RESULTS:



We identified 147 new cases of depression. The odds ratio for newly onset depression among participants reporting bullying occasionally was 2.17 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 4.23) and among frequently bullied 9.63 (95% CI: 3.42 to 27.1). There was no association between percentage witnessing bullying and newly onset depression.

CONCLUSIONS:



Frequent self-labeled bullying predicts development of depression but a work environment with high proportion of employees witnessing bullying does not. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
volume
56
issue
12
pages
1258 - 1265
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • pmid:25479295
  • wos:000346696400006
  • scopus:84918527880
ISSN
1536-5948
DOI
10.1097/JOM.0000000000000339
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f062bb94-60b2-42b7-b01f-e54d3eaf6cf6 (old id 4912543)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25479295?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-01-10 12:06:50
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:33:12
@article{f062bb94-60b2-42b7-b01f-e54d3eaf6cf6,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
We examined the prospective association between self-labeled and witness-reported bullying and the risk of newly onset of depression.<br/><br>
METHODS:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Employees were recruited from two cohorts of 3196 and 2002 employees, respectively. Participants received a questionnaire at baseline in 2006 to 2007 with follow-up in 2008 to 2009 and 2011. New cases of depression were diagnosed in the follow-up using Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews and the Major Depression Inventory questionnaire.<br/><br>
RESULTS:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
We identified 147 new cases of depression. The odds ratio for newly onset depression among participants reporting bullying occasionally was 2.17 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 4.23) and among frequently bullied 9.63 (95% CI: 3.42 to 27.1). There was no association between percentage witnessing bullying and newly onset depression.<br/><br>
CONCLUSIONS:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Frequent self-labeled bullying predicts development of depression but a work environment with high proportion of employees witnessing bullying does not.},
  author       = {Gullander, Maria and Hogh, Annie and Hansen, Ase Marie and Persson, Roger and Rugulies, Reiner and Kolstad, Henrik Albert and Thomsen, Jane Frølund and Willert, Morten Veis and Grynderup, Matias and Mors, Ole and Bonde, Jens Peter},
  issn         = {1536-5948},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1258--1265},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  title        = {Exposure to Workplace Bullying and Risk of Depression},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000339},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2014},
}