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Characterization of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of High Chromium Cast Irons Using SEM and Nanoindentation

Chen, Ling LU ; Iyengar, Srinivasan LU ; Zhou, Jinming LU ; Turba, Krystof LU and Ståhl, Jan-Eric LU (2015) In Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 24(1). p.98-105
Abstract
The effects of composition changes and heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of high-chromium white cast irons were studied in order to characterize possible improvements in product performance and machinability. Materials characterization was performed using nanoindentation, SEM, and EDS techniques. Present results show that changes in carbon and silicon contents as well as heat treatment strongly affect the mechanical properties and their variation in the material. In the as-cast condition, the sample with relatively lower carbon and silicon contents has an austenite-martensite matrix and is much harder than the sample with relatively higher carbon and silicon contents having more eutectic carbides in a bainite... (More)
The effects of composition changes and heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of high-chromium white cast irons were studied in order to characterize possible improvements in product performance and machinability. Materials characterization was performed using nanoindentation, SEM, and EDS techniques. Present results show that changes in carbon and silicon contents as well as heat treatment strongly affect the mechanical properties and their variation in the material. In the as-cast condition, the sample with relatively lower carbon and silicon contents has an austenite-martensite matrix and is much harder than the sample with relatively higher carbon and silicon contents having more eutectic carbides in a bainite matrix. Annealing leads to softening of the materials relative to the as-cast condition, with the relatively higher carbon-silicon material being marginally harder due to the presence of more eutectic carbides. A similar trend is seen after the hardening treatment, and the presence of primary carbide can restrict the extent of hardening due to the loss of alloying elements from the matrix. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
heat treatment, microstructure, nanoindentation, SEM, white cast iron
in
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
volume
24
issue
1
pages
98 - 105
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000347030600011
  • scopus:84919919010
ISSN
1059-9495
DOI
10.1007/s11665-014-1245-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f647afe1-cfcf-4712-9f75-1595181bae14 (old id 5085227)
date added to LUP
2015-02-26 12:41:20
date last changed
2017-09-03 04:09:31
@article{f647afe1-cfcf-4712-9f75-1595181bae14,
  abstract     = {The effects of composition changes and heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of high-chromium white cast irons were studied in order to characterize possible improvements in product performance and machinability. Materials characterization was performed using nanoindentation, SEM, and EDS techniques. Present results show that changes in carbon and silicon contents as well as heat treatment strongly affect the mechanical properties and their variation in the material. In the as-cast condition, the sample with relatively lower carbon and silicon contents has an austenite-martensite matrix and is much harder than the sample with relatively higher carbon and silicon contents having more eutectic carbides in a bainite matrix. Annealing leads to softening of the materials relative to the as-cast condition, with the relatively higher carbon-silicon material being marginally harder due to the presence of more eutectic carbides. A similar trend is seen after the hardening treatment, and the presence of primary carbide can restrict the extent of hardening due to the loss of alloying elements from the matrix.},
  author       = {Chen, Ling and Iyengar, Srinivasan and Zhou, Jinming and Turba, Krystof and Ståhl, Jan-Eric},
  issn         = {1059-9495},
  keyword      = {heat treatment,microstructure,nanoindentation,SEM,white cast iron},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {98--105},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance},
  title        = {Characterization of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of High Chromium Cast Irons Using SEM and Nanoindentation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-014-1245-8},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2015},
}