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Vertical Trade

Andersson, Anna LU (2015) In Lund Economic Studies no. 184
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingen består av tre separata papper. De är alla empiriska studier som undersöker hur fragmentering av produktionsprocesser och globala utbudskedjor har påverkat internationell handel.

Den första studien fokuserar på hur privata standarder i den alltmer globaliserade livsmedelsindustrin påverkar företags importbeteende. Genom att ge en kvalitetsförsäkran kan certifiering enligt en viss standard minska både de fasta och rörliga kostnaderna för att importera. Detta kan ha en positiv effekt på import på företagsnivå. Studien analyserar hur certifiering enligt den privata standarden GlobalGAP påverkar import av färska frukter och grönsaker. Inget robust samband hittas emellertid... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingen består av tre separata papper. De är alla empiriska studier som undersöker hur fragmentering av produktionsprocesser och globala utbudskedjor har påverkat internationell handel.

Den första studien fokuserar på hur privata standarder i den alltmer globaliserade livsmedelsindustrin påverkar företags importbeteende. Genom att ge en kvalitetsförsäkran kan certifiering enligt en viss standard minska både de fasta och rörliga kostnaderna för att importera. Detta kan ha en positiv effekt på import på företagsnivå. Studien analyserar hur certifiering enligt den privata standarden GlobalGAP påverkar import av färska frukter och grönsaker. Inget robust samband hittas emellertid mellan GlobalGAP-certifiering och importbeteende på företagsnivå.

Den andra studien undersöker om bättre tillgång till insatsvaror påverkar export av färdiga konsumtionsvaror. Det testas empiriskt om tillgång till fler underleverantörer på grund av en liberalisering i preferentiella ursprungsregler påverkar exporten. Resultaten visar att tillgång till fler underleverantörer har en positiv effekt på export intensitet och export diversifiering.

Den tredje studien utvärderar hur stabil OECD:s import av insatsvaror, det vill säga offshoring, är. Studien bidrar med en deskriptiv analys och en identifiering av variabler som påverkar hur lång tid offshoring varar. Offshoringflöden varar i genomsnitt 3 år men medianen är endast 1 år. Exempel på variabler som hittas ha en positiv påverkan på hur lång tid en viss insatsvara handlas är varans kapitalintensitet och skyddet av immaterialrättigheter i exportlandet. (Less)
Abstract
This thesis consists of three separate papers. They are all empirical papers that examine how fragmentation of production processes and global value chains have affected international trade patterns.

The first paper focuses on how private standards in the increasingly geographically fragmented food sector affect firm-import behaviour. By providing a quality insurance for the imported good, certification to standards may reduce both the fixed and variable costs of importing, which could have a positive effect on firm imports. This paper analyses how certification to the GlobalGAP private standard affect imports of fresh fruits and vegetables. No robust relationship is found between GlobalGAP certification and import behaviour at... (More)
This thesis consists of three separate papers. They are all empirical papers that examine how fragmentation of production processes and global value chains have affected international trade patterns.

The first paper focuses on how private standards in the increasingly geographically fragmented food sector affect firm-import behaviour. By providing a quality insurance for the imported good, certification to standards may reduce both the fixed and variable costs of importing, which could have a positive effect on firm imports. This paper analyses how certification to the GlobalGAP private standard affect imports of fresh fruits and vegetables. No robust relationship is found between GlobalGAP certification and import behaviour at the level of the firm.

The second paper takes global value chains into account by examining whether better access to intermediate inputs affects exports of final goods. More specifically, it empirically tests if expanding the set of available input suppliers through preferential rules of origin liberalisation affects export performance. It is found that access to more suppliers has a positive effect on both export intensity and export diversification.

The third paper examines the stability of OECD offshoring flows. The study provides both a descriptive analysis and identifies factors that influence offshoring duration. It is found that offshoring flows have a mean duration of 3 years, but median duration is merely 1 year. Several determinants of offshoring duration are identified. For example, the capital intensity of the offshored product and the level of intellectual property rights protection in the exporting country affect how long a certain input is traded. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Besedes, Tibor, Georgia Tech
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Trade in intermediate inputs, fragmentation, private standards, rules of origin, duration
in
Lund Economic Studies no. 184
defense location
Holger Crafoord Centre, EC3:211
defense date
2015-06-01 14:15
ISSN
0460-0029
ISBN
978-91-7623-339-9 (printed)
978-91-7623-340-5 (pdf)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a02d4f5f-d936-4229-a020-080abb4f012a (old id 5337055)
date added to LUP
2015-05-06 13:19:01
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:01
@phdthesis{a02d4f5f-d936-4229-a020-080abb4f012a,
  abstract     = {This thesis consists of three separate papers. They are all empirical papers that examine how fragmentation of production processes and global value chains have affected international trade patterns. <br/><br>
 The first paper focuses on how private standards in the increasingly geographically fragmented food sector affect firm-import behaviour. By providing a quality insurance for the imported good, certification to standards may reduce both the fixed and variable costs of importing, which could have a positive effect on firm imports. This paper analyses how certification to the GlobalGAP private standard affect imports of fresh fruits and vegetables. No robust relationship is found between GlobalGAP certification and import behaviour at the level of the firm.<br/><br>
 The second paper takes global value chains into account by examining whether better access to intermediate inputs affects exports of final goods. More specifically, it empirically tests if expanding the set of available input suppliers through preferential rules of origin liberalisation affects export performance. It is found that access to more suppliers has a positive effect on both export intensity and export diversification.<br/><br>
 The third paper examines the stability of OECD offshoring flows. The study provides both a descriptive analysis and identifies factors that influence offshoring duration. It is found that offshoring flows have a mean duration of 3 years, but median duration is merely 1 year. Several determinants of offshoring duration are identified. For example, the capital intensity of the offshored product and the level of intellectual property rights protection in the exporting country affect how long a certain input is traded.},
  author       = {Andersson, Anna},
  isbn         = {978-91-7623-339-9 (printed)},
  issn         = {0460-0029},
  keyword      = {Trade in intermediate inputs,fragmentation,private standards,rules of origin,duration},
  language     = {eng},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Economic Studies no. 184},
  title        = {Vertical Trade},
  year         = {2015},
}