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Idealna žrtva i nadmetanje za dobijanje statusa žrtve u pričama preživjelih rata u Bosni i Hercegovini

Basic, Goran LU (2015) In Temida 18(2). p.7-30
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Uncoded languages

U ranijim viktimološkim istraživanjima naglašene su jednostrane slike kategorije „žrtva“ i „zločinac“. Istraživači su isticali važnost priča i usmjerili fokus analize na priče o viktimizaciji, ali istraživači nisu analizirali poslijeratne intervjue kao arenu gdje se odigrava borba za status žrtve. Ovim člankom pokušava se popuniti ta praznina analiziranjem priča 27 osoba koje su preživjele rat u Bosni i Hercegovini. Prvi cilj ovog rada je opisati kako akteri studije prezentuju socijalni fenomen „viktimizacije“, drugi cilj je analiziranje diskurzivnih modela koji učestvuju u produkciji pojmova „žrtva“ i „zločinac“. Naučno pitanje koje se postavlja je: Kako intervjuisane osobe opisuju status... (More)
Abstract in Uncoded languages

U ranijim viktimološkim istraživanjima naglašene su jednostrane slike kategorije „žrtva“ i „zločinac“. Istraživači su isticali važnost priča i usmjerili fokus analize na priče o viktimizaciji, ali istraživači nisu analizirali poslijeratne intervjue kao arenu gdje se odigrava borba za status žrtve. Ovim člankom pokušava se popuniti ta praznina analiziranjem priča 27 osoba koje su preživjele rat u Bosni i Hercegovini. Prvi cilj ovog rada je opisati kako akteri studije prezentuju socijalni fenomen „viktimizacije“, drugi cilj je analiziranje diskurzivnih modela koji učestvuju u produkciji pojmova „žrtva“ i „zločinac“. Naučno pitanje koje se postavlja je: Kako intervjuisane osobe opisuju status žrtve poslije rata? Unutar dinamike koja konstruiše status „žrtve“ i „zločinca“, uočljiva je borba za ulogu žrtve nakon završetka rata. Svi intervjuisani nastoje sebe da prikažu kao žrtvu i sa time ujedno umanjuju status žrtve ostalih kategorija. Ova situacija može produkovati i reprodukovati nadmetanje za dobijanje statusa žrtve, a sa time ponovo probuditi kolektivna razgraničenja koja su se tako jasno i jezivo predstavila tokom rata. (Less)
Abstract
Previous research on victimhood often has presented a one-sided picture of the “victim” and “perpetrator”. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives and they have focused on narratives about victimhood, but a researcher has not analyzed post-war interviews as a competition for victimhood. This article tries to fill this gap using stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s. I focus on describing the informants portrayal of “victimhood” as well as analysing those discursive patterns which contributed in constructing the category “victim” and ”perpetrator”. My research question is: How do the interviewees describe victimhood after the war? When, after the war, different actors claim this “victim” status, it... (More)
Previous research on victimhood often has presented a one-sided picture of the “victim” and “perpetrator”. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives and they have focused on narratives about victimhood, but a researcher has not analyzed post-war interviews as a competition for victimhood. This article tries to fill this gap using stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s. I focus on describing the informants portrayal of “victimhood” as well as analysing those discursive patterns which contributed in constructing the category “victim” and ”perpetrator”. My research question is: How do the interviewees describe victimhood after the war? When, after the war, different actors claim this “victim” status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. All informants are eager to present themselves as victims while at the same time for the other categories victim status is downplayed. In this reproduction of competition for the victim role, all demarcations that were played out so successfully during the war live on. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
alternative title
Ideal victim and Competition for Victimhood in the Stories after the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bosnia and Herzegovina, victim, crime, rat, status žrtve, zločin, zločinac, perpetrator, žrtva, Bosna i Hercegovina, victimhood, war
in
Temida
volume
18
issue
2
pages
7 - 30
publisher
Viktimološko društvo Srbije
ISSN
1450-6637
language
Other
LU publication?
yes
id
c9af794e-cd62-4797-94a7-11b30c22acff (old id 5367834)
alternative location
http://www.vds.org.rs/TemBr2Sadrzaj2015.htm
date added to LUP
2015-09-11 15:35:09
date last changed
2016-04-15 17:34:12
@article{c9af794e-cd62-4797-94a7-11b30c22acff,
  abstract     = {Previous research on victimhood often has presented a one-sided picture of the “victim” and “perpetrator”. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives and they have focused on narratives about victimhood, but a researcher has not analyzed post-war interviews as a competition for victimhood. This article tries to fill this gap using stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s. I focus on describing the informants portrayal of “victimhood” as well as analysing those discursive patterns which contributed in constructing the category “victim” and ”perpetrator”. My research question is: How do the interviewees describe victimhood after the war? When, after the war, different actors claim this “victim” status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. All informants are eager to present themselves as victims while at the same time for the other categories victim status is downplayed. In this reproduction of competition for the victim role, all demarcations that were played out so successfully during the war live on.},
  author       = {Basic, Goran},
  issn         = {1450-6637},
  keyword      = {Bosnia and Herzegovina,victim,crime,rat,status žrtve,zločin,zločinac,perpetrator,žrtva,Bosna i Hercegovina,victimhood,war},
  language     = {mis},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {7--30},
  publisher    = {Viktimološko društvo Srbije},
  series       = {Temida},
  title        = {Idealna žrtva i nadmetanje za dobijanje statusa žrtve u pričama preživjelih rata u Bosni i Hercegovini},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2015},
}