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Cervicogenic dizziness - musculoskeletal findings before and after treatment and long-term outcome.

Malmström, Eva-Maj LU ; Karlberg, Mikael LU ; Melander, Agneta; Magnusson, Måns LU and Moritz, Ulrich LU (2007) In Disability and Rehabilitation 29(15). p.1193-1205
Abstract
Purpose. To explore musculoskeletal findings in patients with cervicogenic dizziness and how these findings relate to pain and dizziness. To study treatment effects and long-term symptom progress. Method. Twenty-two patients ( 20 women, 2 men; mean age 37 years) with suspected cervicogenic dizziness underwent a structured physical examination before and after physiotherapy guided by the musculoskeletal findings. Questionnaires were sent to the patients six months and two years after treatment. Results. Dorsal neck muscle tenderness and tightness was found in a majority of the patients. Zygapophyseal joint tenderness was found at all cervical levels. Cervical range of motion was equal to or larger than expected age and gender matched... (More)
Purpose. To explore musculoskeletal findings in patients with cervicogenic dizziness and how these findings relate to pain and dizziness. To study treatment effects and long-term symptom progress. Method. Twenty-two patients ( 20 women, 2 men; mean age 37 years) with suspected cervicogenic dizziness underwent a structured physical examination before and after physiotherapy guided by the musculoskeletal findings. Questionnaires were sent to the patients six months and two years after treatment. Results. Dorsal neck muscle tenderness and tightness was found in a majority of the patients. Zygapophyseal joint tenderness was found at all cervical levels. Cervical range of motion was equal to or larger than expected age and gender matched values. The cervico-thoracic region was often hypomobile. Most patients had postural imbalance. Dynamic stabilization capacity was reduced. Suboccipital muscles tightness correlated with posture imbalance and poor neck stability. The treatment resulted in reduced tenderness in levator scapula, high and middle paraspinal and temporalis muscles and zygapophyseal joints at C4-C7 and increased cervico-thoracic mobility. Reduction of middle paraspinal muscle tenderness correlated with neck pain relief. Postural alignment improved, as did dynamic stabilization in trunk, neck and shoulders. After 6 months, 13 of the 17 patients had still no or less neck pain and 14 had no or less dizziness. After 2 years, 7 patients had no or less neck pain and 11 no or less dizziness. Conclusion. Patients with suspected cervicogenic dizziness have some musculoskeletal findings in common. Treatment based on these findings reduces neck pain as well as dizziness long-term but some patients might need a maintenance strategy. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cervicogenic dizziness musculoskeletal long-term
in
Disability and Rehabilitation
volume
29
issue
15
pages
1193 - 1205
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000248200100005
  • scopus:34547505096
ISSN
0963-8288
DOI
10.1080/09638280600948383
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
499a9f17-f784-4cf9-8cb7-3f0413a66cf1 (old id 540509)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=17653993&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-12-18 10:11:57
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:20:51
@article{499a9f17-f784-4cf9-8cb7-3f0413a66cf1,
  abstract     = {Purpose. To explore musculoskeletal findings in patients with cervicogenic dizziness and how these findings relate to pain and dizziness. To study treatment effects and long-term symptom progress. Method. Twenty-two patients ( 20 women, 2 men; mean age 37 years) with suspected cervicogenic dizziness underwent a structured physical examination before and after physiotherapy guided by the musculoskeletal findings. Questionnaires were sent to the patients six months and two years after treatment. Results. Dorsal neck muscle tenderness and tightness was found in a majority of the patients. Zygapophyseal joint tenderness was found at all cervical levels. Cervical range of motion was equal to or larger than expected age and gender matched values. The cervico-thoracic region was often hypomobile. Most patients had postural imbalance. Dynamic stabilization capacity was reduced. Suboccipital muscles tightness correlated with posture imbalance and poor neck stability. The treatment resulted in reduced tenderness in levator scapula, high and middle paraspinal and temporalis muscles and zygapophyseal joints at C4-C7 and increased cervico-thoracic mobility. Reduction of middle paraspinal muscle tenderness correlated with neck pain relief. Postural alignment improved, as did dynamic stabilization in trunk, neck and shoulders. After 6 months, 13 of the 17 patients had still no or less neck pain and 14 had no or less dizziness. After 2 years, 7 patients had no or less neck pain and 11 no or less dizziness. Conclusion. Patients with suspected cervicogenic dizziness have some musculoskeletal findings in common. Treatment based on these findings reduces neck pain as well as dizziness long-term but some patients might need a maintenance strategy.},
  author       = {Malmström, Eva-Maj and Karlberg, Mikael and Melander, Agneta and Magnusson, Måns and Moritz, Ulrich},
  issn         = {0963-8288},
  keyword      = {Cervicogenic 
dizziness
musculoskeletal
long-term},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {15},
  pages        = {1193--1205},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Disability and Rehabilitation},
  title        = {Cervicogenic dizziness - musculoskeletal findings before and after treatment and long-term outcome.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638280600948383},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2007},
}