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Material recycling without hazardous substances : Interplay of two policy streams and impacts on industry

Tojo, Naoko LU and Thidell, Åke LU (2018) p.253-275
Abstract

Introduction: Closure of the material loops has been a continuous aspiration of policymakers in various parts of the world over the past few decades. For instance, Germany introduced its Circular Economy and Waste law in 1994, and the Basic Law for the Promotion of Circular Society came into force in Japan in 2000. In Sweden, Parliament adopted the Ecocyle Bill in May 1993, which laid down the direction towards an ecocycle society with closed material circuits. Despite the strong focus of environmental policy discourse on climate change in the first half of the 2000s, the significance of resource efficiency and closure of material loops has been re-recognized also in the EU policy arena, as manifested in the development of the EU... (More)

Introduction: Closure of the material loops has been a continuous aspiration of policymakers in various parts of the world over the past few decades. For instance, Germany introduced its Circular Economy and Waste law in 1994, and the Basic Law for the Promotion of Circular Society came into force in Japan in 2000. In Sweden, Parliament adopted the Ecocyle Bill in May 1993, which laid down the direction towards an ecocycle society with closed material circuits. Despite the strong focus of environmental policy discourse on climate change in the first half of the 2000s, the significance of resource efficiency and closure of material loops has been re-recognized also in the EU policy arena, as manifested in the development of the EU Circular Economy package in the 2010s. Closure of material loops requires, among other things, enhanced use of recycled materials, which in turn necessitates the quality assurance of such materials. The EU Circular Economy action plan from 2015 highlights the enhanced use of recycled materials as secondary raw materials as one of its key elements. It further emphasizes that a crucial condition for the further use of recycled materials is to secure the quality of recycled materials and explicitly recognizes the importance of paying due care to hazardous substances. Neither promotion of recycling nor reduction of the use of hazardous substances are new issues in environmental interventions in many countries and regions. For instance, in the EU, the European Commission addressed: prevention and recovery in its communication as early as of 1972. Laws governing dangerous substances, such as Council Directive 67/548/EEC, have come into existence since the late 1960s. Over the last few decades, a number of laws governing recycling as part of: management in general, as well as laws governing specific: streams such as packaging, cars, electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), and batteries have been introduced and further revised/replaced. In recent years, following the global economic crisis, and fluctuating availability of various strategic materials, recycling has been highlighted not only as part of environmental policy but also as a means to reduce dependency on virgin materials and to address social goals such as employment, productivity and social cohesion.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
host publication
Preventing Environmental Damage from Products
pages
23 pages
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85051610987
ISBN
9781108500128
9781108422444
DOI
10.1017/9781108500128.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
552aaae5-5d85-4ab6-a32c-0b59b4896864
date added to LUP
2018-09-12 14:43:24
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:26:40
@inbook{552aaae5-5d85-4ab6-a32c-0b59b4896864,
  abstract     = {<p>Introduction: Closure of the material loops has been a continuous aspiration of policymakers in various parts of the world over the past few decades. For instance, Germany introduced its Circular Economy and Waste law in 1994, and the Basic Law for the Promotion of Circular Society came into force in Japan in 2000. In Sweden, Parliament adopted the Ecocyle Bill in May 1993, which laid down the direction towards an ecocycle society with closed material circuits. Despite the strong focus of environmental policy discourse on climate change in the first half of the 2000s, the significance of resource efficiency and closure of material loops has been re-recognized also in the EU policy arena, as manifested in the development of the EU Circular Economy package in the 2010s. Closure of material loops requires, among other things, enhanced use of recycled materials, which in turn necessitates the quality assurance of such materials. The EU Circular Economy action plan from 2015 highlights the enhanced use of recycled materials as secondary raw materials as one of its key elements. It further emphasizes that a crucial condition for the further use of recycled materials is to secure the quality of recycled materials and explicitly recognizes the importance of paying due care to hazardous substances. Neither promotion of recycling nor reduction of the use of hazardous substances are new issues in environmental interventions in many countries and regions. For instance, in the EU, the European Commission addressed: prevention and recovery in its communication as early as of 1972. Laws governing dangerous substances, such as Council Directive 67/548/EEC, have come into existence since the late 1960s. Over the last few decades, a number of laws governing recycling as part of: management in general, as well as laws governing specific: streams such as packaging, cars, electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), and batteries have been introduced and further revised/replaced. In recent years, following the global economic crisis, and fluctuating availability of various strategic materials, recycling has been highlighted not only as part of environmental policy but also as a means to reduce dependency on virgin materials and to address social goals such as employment, productivity and social cohesion.</p>},
  author       = {Tojo, Naoko and Thidell, Åke},
  isbn         = {9781108500128},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {253--275},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  title        = {Material recycling without hazardous substances : Interplay of two policy streams and impacts on industry},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/9781108500128.010},
  year         = {2018},
}