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Eighty-year-old men without cardiovascular disease in the community of Malmö. Part II. Smoking characteristics and ultrasound findings, with special reference to glutathione transferase and pyridoxal-5-phosphate

Pessah-Rasmussen, H LU ; Jerntorp, P; Stavenow, L.; Elmstähl, S LU ; Hansen, F; Seidegärd, J LU ; Galvard, H LU ; Brattström, L and Hamfelt, A (1990) In Journal of Internal Medicine1989-01-01+01:00 228(1). p.17-22
Abstract

A total of 1280 80-year-old men in the community of Malmö were questioned about smoking habits and the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). After a careful medical and duplex ultrasound examination, four groups were selected for further studies: (1) no CVD, non-smokers: (2) no CVD, smokers: (3) CVD, smokers: (4) CVD, non-smokers. In total 122 individuals participated. The average tobacco consumption by smokers was 13 g d-1 for 59 years. In the CVD group 45% of subjects had atherosclerotic symptoms at more than one site. Smoking was found to be correlated with lower extremity atherosclerosis, cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were correlated with carotid artery lesions and pathological ankle/arm index, and blood pressure was... (More)

A total of 1280 80-year-old men in the community of Malmö were questioned about smoking habits and the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). After a careful medical and duplex ultrasound examination, four groups were selected for further studies: (1) no CVD, non-smokers: (2) no CVD, smokers: (3) CVD, smokers: (4) CVD, non-smokers. In total 122 individuals participated. The average tobacco consumption by smokers was 13 g d-1 for 59 years. In the CVD group 45% of subjects had atherosclerotic symptoms at more than one site. Smoking was found to be correlated with lower extremity atherosclerosis, cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were correlated with carotid artery lesions and pathological ankle/arm index, and blood pressure was correlated with lower extremity lesions. In contrast with middle-aged populations, individuals with an increasing degree of lesions in the lower extremities had a larger percentage of high glutathione transferase activity than subjects without CVD. Smokers had significantly lower pyridoxal-5-phosphate levels than non-smokers. It is concluded that some heavy smokers might reach an advanced age in good health. Smoking was also operative as a risk indicator for lower extremity atherosclerosis in 80-year-old individuals.

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published
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keywords
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Arteriosclerosis, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cholesterol, Cholesterol, LDL, Glutathione Transferase, Humans, Male, Prevalence, Pyridoxal Phosphate, Risk Factors, Smoking, Spirometry, Ultrasonography, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
in
Journal of Internal Medicine1989-01-01+01:00
volume
228
issue
1
pages
6 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:0025331560
ISSN
0954-6820
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
598853af-9caf-4391-b2c3-be043f18f631
date added to LUP
2017-08-11 16:00:31
date last changed
2017-11-29 12:40:36
@article{598853af-9caf-4391-b2c3-be043f18f631,
  abstract     = {<p>A total of 1280 80-year-old men in the community of Malmö were questioned about smoking habits and the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). After a careful medical and duplex ultrasound examination, four groups were selected for further studies: (1) no CVD, non-smokers: (2) no CVD, smokers: (3) CVD, smokers: (4) CVD, non-smokers. In total 122 individuals participated. The average tobacco consumption by smokers was 13 g d-1 for 59 years. In the CVD group 45% of subjects had atherosclerotic symptoms at more than one site. Smoking was found to be correlated with lower extremity atherosclerosis, cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were correlated with carotid artery lesions and pathological ankle/arm index, and blood pressure was correlated with lower extremity lesions. In contrast with middle-aged populations, individuals with an increasing degree of lesions in the lower extremities had a larger percentage of high glutathione transferase activity than subjects without CVD. Smokers had significantly lower pyridoxal-5-phosphate levels than non-smokers. It is concluded that some heavy smokers might reach an advanced age in good health. Smoking was also operative as a risk indicator for lower extremity atherosclerosis in 80-year-old individuals.</p>},
  author       = {Pessah-Rasmussen, H and Jerntorp, P and Stavenow, L. and Elmstähl, S and Hansen, F and Seidegärd, J and Galvard, H and Brattström, L and Hamfelt, A},
  issn         = {0954-6820},
  keyword      = {Aged,Aged, 80 and over,Arteriosclerosis,Cardiovascular Diseases,Cholesterol,Cholesterol, LDL,Glutathione Transferase,Humans,Male,Prevalence,Pyridoxal Phosphate,Risk Factors,Smoking,Spirometry,Ultrasonography,Journal Article,Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17--22},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Journal of Internal Medicine1989-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Eighty-year-old men without cardiovascular disease in the community of Malmö. Part II. Smoking characteristics and ultrasound findings, with special reference to glutathione transferase and pyridoxal-5-phosphate},
  volume       = {228},
  year         = {1990},
}