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Extended high-frequency pure tone hearing thresholds and core executive functions

Brännström, K. Jonas LU ; Karlsson, Elisabeth; Waechter, Sebastian LU and Kastberg, Tobias LU (2018) In International Journal of Audiology 57(9). p.639-645
Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between extended high-frequency pure tone hearing thresholds (frequencies 10 to 14 kHz) and working memory capacity (WMC), inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility. Design: Experimental study measuring correlations between different high-frequency hearing threshold measures and cognitive measures. Study: Pure tone audiometry was assessed in the extended high-frequency (frequencies 10, 12.5 and 14 kHz). Subjects were also tested regarding WMC, inhibitory control (response inhibition), and cognitive flexibility (information updating and shifting ability). Sample: Forty-three subjects between 20 and 29 years old with normal hearing (≤ 20 dB HL) in the frequency range between 0.125 to 8 kHz.... (More)

Objective: To examine the relationship between extended high-frequency pure tone hearing thresholds (frequencies 10 to 14 kHz) and working memory capacity (WMC), inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility. Design: Experimental study measuring correlations between different high-frequency hearing threshold measures and cognitive measures. Study: Pure tone audiometry was assessed in the extended high-frequency (frequencies 10, 12.5 and 14 kHz). Subjects were also tested regarding WMC, inhibitory control (response inhibition), and cognitive flexibility (information updating and shifting ability). Sample: Forty-three subjects between 20 and 29 years old with normal hearing (≤ 20 dB HL) in the frequency range between 0.125 to 8 kHz. Results: No significant correlations were seen between high-frequency hearing thresholds defined as average best and worst ear high-frequency hearing thresholds and the cognitive measures. Differences between the best and the worst ear showed significant negative correlations with inhibitory control and global executive function (combination score for WMC, inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility). Conclusions: The present study suggests that global executive functions, more specifically response inhibition, and hearing threshold asymmetry in the extended high-frequency range are interrelated.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cognitive demands, cognitive flexibility, response inhibition, response time, working memory
in
International Journal of Audiology
volume
57
issue
9
pages
639 - 645
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85048484101
ISSN
1499-2027
DOI
10.1080/14992027.2018.1475755
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5ebadc32-6390-4624-91e4-05eb7521b670
date added to LUP
2018-06-29 11:13:37
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:21:15
@article{5ebadc32-6390-4624-91e4-05eb7521b670,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: To examine the relationship between extended high-frequency pure tone hearing thresholds (frequencies 10 to 14 kHz) and working memory capacity (WMC), inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility. Design: Experimental study measuring correlations between different high-frequency hearing threshold measures and cognitive measures. Study: Pure tone audiometry was assessed in the extended high-frequency (frequencies 10, 12.5 and 14 kHz). Subjects were also tested regarding WMC, inhibitory control (response inhibition), and cognitive flexibility (information updating and shifting ability). Sample: Forty-three subjects between 20 and 29 years old with normal hearing (≤ 20 dB HL) in the frequency range between 0.125 to 8 kHz. Results: No significant correlations were seen between high-frequency hearing thresholds defined as average best and worst ear high-frequency hearing thresholds and the cognitive measures. Differences between the best and the worst ear showed significant negative correlations with inhibitory control and global executive function (combination score for WMC, inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility). Conclusions: The present study suggests that global executive functions, more specifically response inhibition, and hearing threshold asymmetry in the extended high-frequency range are interrelated.</p>},
  author       = {Brännström, K. Jonas and Karlsson, Elisabeth and Waechter, Sebastian and Kastberg, Tobias},
  issn         = {1499-2027},
  keyword      = {Cognitive demands,cognitive flexibility,response inhibition,response time,working memory},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {639--645},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {International Journal of Audiology},
  title        = {Extended high-frequency pure tone hearing thresholds and core executive functions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2018.1475755},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2018},
}