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How far can economic incentives explain the French fertility and education transition?

de la Croix, David and Perrin, Faustine LU (2018) In European Economic Review 108. p.221-245
Abstract

We analyze how much a core rational-choice model can explain the temporal and spatial variation in fertility and school enrollment in France during the 19th century. The originality of our approach is in our reliance on the structural estimation of a system of first-order conditions to identify the deep parameters. Another new dimension is our use of gendered education data, allowing us to have a richer theory having implications for the gender wage and education gaps. Results indicate that the parsimonious rational-choice model explains 38 percent of the variation of fertility over time and across counties, as well as 71 percent and 83 percent of school enrollment of boys and girls, respectively. The analysis of the residuals... (More)

We analyze how much a core rational-choice model can explain the temporal and spatial variation in fertility and school enrollment in France during the 19th century. The originality of our approach is in our reliance on the structural estimation of a system of first-order conditions to identify the deep parameters. Another new dimension is our use of gendered education data, allowing us to have a richer theory having implications for the gender wage and education gaps. Results indicate that the parsimonious rational-choice model explains 38 percent of the variation of fertility over time and across counties, as well as 71 percent and 83 percent of school enrollment of boys and girls, respectively. The analysis of the residuals (unexplained by the economic model) indicates that additional insights might be gained by interacting incentives with cross-county differences in family structure and cultural barriers.

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author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Demographic transition, Education, Family macroeconomics, France, Gender gap, Quality-quantity tradeoff
in
European Economic Review
volume
108
pages
25 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85050884071
ISSN
0014-2921
DOI
10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.07.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
66e10672-dd79-4713-b983-07f5767f8717
date added to LUP
2018-08-15 14:21:04
date last changed
2021-10-06 01:41:40
@article{66e10672-dd79-4713-b983-07f5767f8717,
  abstract     = {<p>We analyze how much a core rational-choice model can explain the temporal and spatial variation in fertility and school enrollment in France during the 19th century. The originality of our approach is in our reliance on the structural estimation of a system of first-order conditions to identify the deep parameters. Another new dimension is our use of gendered education data, allowing us to have a richer theory having implications for the gender wage and education gaps. Results indicate that the parsimonious rational-choice model explains 38 percent of the variation of fertility over time and across counties, as well as 71 percent and 83 percent of school enrollment of boys and girls, respectively. The analysis of the residuals (unexplained by the economic model) indicates that additional insights might be gained by interacting incentives with cross-county differences in family structure and cultural barriers.</p>},
  author       = {de la Croix, David and Perrin, Faustine},
  issn         = {0014-2921},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {221--245},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {European Economic Review},
  title        = {How far can economic incentives explain the French fertility and education transition?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.07.001},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.euroecorev.2018.07.001},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {2018},
}