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Own-other differences in the realism of some metacognitive judgments

Johansson, Marcus LU and Allwood, Carl Martin LU (2007) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 48(1). p.13-21
Abstract
The present study investigated differences in judgments of one's own and others' knowledge (the own-other difference). Consistent with the below-average effect (e.g., Kruger, 1999), our main results showed that the participants gave lower knowledge ratings of their own extent of knowledge than of another person's extent of knowledge (Experiment 1). Furthermore, lower and more realistic judgments were found when the participants judged their own as compared with when judging another person's overall accuracy (frequency judgments) of answering knowledge questions correctly (Experiment 1 and 2). On the basis of these results it is argued that judgmental anchoring may be important also in the context of indirect comparisons, and that previous... (More)
The present study investigated differences in judgments of one's own and others' knowledge (the own-other difference). Consistent with the below-average effect (e.g., Kruger, 1999), our main results showed that the participants gave lower knowledge ratings of their own extent of knowledge than of another person's extent of knowledge (Experiment 1). Furthermore, lower and more realistic judgments were found when the participants judged their own as compared with when judging another person's overall accuracy (frequency judgments) of answering knowledge questions correctly (Experiment 1 and 2). On the basis of these results it is argued that judgmental anchoring may be important also in the context of indirect comparisons, and that previous conclusions of cross-cultural psychology regarding the above-average effect may be oversimplified. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
realism, social influence, frequency judgments, confidence judgments, metacognition
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
48
issue
1
pages
13 - 21
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000243637600003
  • scopus:33846473776
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00565.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bd5ab08f-85dd-4b51-84af-d41c49a8e6f4 (old id 676808)
date added to LUP
2007-12-13 11:57:37
date last changed
2017-04-09 04:22:35
@article{bd5ab08f-85dd-4b51-84af-d41c49a8e6f4,
  abstract     = {The present study investigated differences in judgments of one's own and others' knowledge (the own-other difference). Consistent with the below-average effect (e.g., Kruger, 1999), our main results showed that the participants gave lower knowledge ratings of their own extent of knowledge than of another person's extent of knowledge (Experiment 1). Furthermore, lower and more realistic judgments were found when the participants judged their own as compared with when judging another person's overall accuracy (frequency judgments) of answering knowledge questions correctly (Experiment 1 and 2). On the basis of these results it is argued that judgmental anchoring may be important also in the context of indirect comparisons, and that previous conclusions of cross-cultural psychology regarding the above-average effect may be oversimplified.},
  author       = {Johansson, Marcus and Allwood, Carl Martin},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  keyword      = {realism,social influence,frequency judgments,confidence judgments,metacognition},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {13--21},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Own-other differences in the realism of some metacognitive judgments},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00565.x},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2007},
}