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The relation between realism in confidence judgements and the phenomenological quality of recognition memory when using emotionally valenced pictures

Dahl, Mats LU ; Johansson, Marcus LU and Allwood, Carl Martin LU (2006) In Applied Cognitive Psychology 20(6). p.791-806
Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between the phenomenological quality of memory (Tulving, 1985) and the realism (validity) in confidence judgement when using emotional pictures (I.A.P.S; Lang, Ohman, & Vaitl, 1988). A series of three experiments was completed where the participants judged the phenomenological quality of their memory and/or their confidence. The results showed facilitation for the negative pictures in a matrix search task in the encoding phase, where negative pictures were more easily and quickly detected, compared to positive ones. In the memory phase of the experiments a higher degree of recollective experience (a larger proportion of 'remember' responses) was found for negative pictures. A higher... (More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between the phenomenological quality of memory (Tulving, 1985) and the realism (validity) in confidence judgement when using emotional pictures (I.A.P.S; Lang, Ohman, & Vaitl, 1988). A series of three experiments was completed where the participants judged the phenomenological quality of their memory and/or their confidence. The results showed facilitation for the negative pictures in a matrix search task in the encoding phase, where negative pictures were more easily and quickly detected, compared to positive ones. In the memory phase of the experiments a higher degree of recollective experience (a larger proportion of 'remember' responses) was found for negative pictures. A higher level of confidence for recognition of negative pictures than for positive ones was obtained, but no general valence dependent effect on the realism in the confidence judgement was found. However, when analysing only the remember responses, negative pictures showed higher overconfidence than the positive pictures. The results support that a recollective experience induces higher confidence and overconfidence. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Less)
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author
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Applied Cognitive Psychology
volume
20
issue
6
pages
791 - 806
publisher
John Wiley and Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000241050100005
  • scopus:33749395531
ISSN
0888-4080
DOI
10.1002/acp.1228
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fd35d694-4858-43c5-8590-103148b78b50 (old id 685992)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:36:20
date last changed
2021-02-17 05:37:46
@article{fd35d694-4858-43c5-8590-103148b78b50,
  abstract     = {The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between the phenomenological quality of memory (Tulving, 1985) and the realism (validity) in confidence judgement when using emotional pictures (I.A.P.S; Lang, Ohman, & Vaitl, 1988). A series of three experiments was completed where the participants judged the phenomenological quality of their memory and/or their confidence. The results showed facilitation for the negative pictures in a matrix search task in the encoding phase, where negative pictures were more easily and quickly detected, compared to positive ones. In the memory phase of the experiments a higher degree of recollective experience (a larger proportion of 'remember' responses) was found for negative pictures. A higher level of confidence for recognition of negative pictures than for positive ones was obtained, but no general valence dependent effect on the realism in the confidence judgement was found. However, when analysing only the remember responses, negative pictures showed higher overconfidence than the positive pictures. The results support that a recollective experience induces higher confidence and overconfidence. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.},
  author       = {Dahl, Mats and Johansson, Marcus and Allwood, Carl Martin},
  issn         = {0888-4080},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {791--806},
  publisher    = {John Wiley and Sons},
  series       = {Applied Cognitive Psychology},
  title        = {The relation between realism in confidence judgements and the phenomenological quality of recognition memory when using emotionally valenced pictures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.1228},
  doi          = {10.1002/acp.1228},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2006},
}