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Relative Deprivation and Sickness Absence in Sweden

Helgertz, Jonas LU ; Hess, Wolfgang LU and Scott, Kirk LU (2013) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10(9). p.3930-3953
Abstract
Background: A high prevalence of sickness absence in many countries, at a substantial societal cost, underlines the importance to understand its determining mechanisms. This study focuses on the link between relative deprivation and the probability of sickness absence. Methods: 184,000 men and women in Sweden were followed between 1982 and 2001. The sample consists of working individuals between the ages of 19 and 65. The outcome is defined as experiencing more than 14 days of sickness absence during a year. Based on the complete Swedish population, an individual’s degree of relative deprivation is measured through income compared to individuals of the same age, sex, educational level and type. In accounting for the possibility that... (More)
Background: A high prevalence of sickness absence in many countries, at a substantial societal cost, underlines the importance to understand its determining mechanisms. This study focuses on the link between relative deprivation and the probability of sickness absence. Methods: 184,000 men and women in Sweden were followed between 1982 and 2001. The sample consists of working individuals between the ages of 19 and 65. The outcome is defined as experiencing more than 14 days of sickness absence during a year. Based on the complete Swedish population, an individual’s degree of relative deprivation is measured through income compared to individuals of the same age, sex, educational level and type. In accounting for the possibility that sickness absence and socioeconomic status are determined by common factors, discrete-time duration models were estimated, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity through random effects. Results: The results confirm that the failure to account for the dynamics of the individual’s career biases the influence from socioeconomic characteristics. Results consistently suggest a major influence from relative deprivation, with a consistently lower risk of sickness absence among the highly educated. Conclusions: Altering individual’s health behavior through education appears more efficient in reducing the reliance on sickness absence, rather than redistributive policies. (Less)
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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
duration analysis, sickness absence, Sweden, relative deprivation
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
10
issue
9
pages
3930 - 3953
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • wos:000328620200009
  • pmid:23996012
  • scopus:84883387660
  • pmid:23996012
ISSN
1660-4601
DOI
10.3390/ijerph10093930
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7197df51-2be5-4de7-897c-bdb47d4dae78 (old id 4022554)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 10:20:34
date last changed
2020-01-05 05:54:21
@article{7197df51-2be5-4de7-897c-bdb47d4dae78,
  abstract     = {Background: A high prevalence of sickness absence in many countries, at a substantial societal cost, underlines the importance to understand its determining mechanisms. This study focuses on the link between relative deprivation and the probability of sickness absence. Methods: 184,000 men and women in Sweden were followed between 1982 and 2001. The sample consists of working individuals between the ages of 19 and 65. The outcome is defined as experiencing more than 14 days of sickness absence during a year. Based on the complete Swedish population, an individual’s degree of relative deprivation is measured through income compared to individuals of the same age, sex, educational level and type. In accounting for the possibility that sickness absence and socioeconomic status are determined by common factors, discrete-time duration models were estimated, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity through random effects. Results: The results confirm that the failure to account for the dynamics of the individual’s career biases the influence from socioeconomic characteristics. Results consistently suggest a major influence from relative deprivation, with a consistently lower risk of sickness absence among the highly educated. Conclusions: Altering individual’s health behavior through education appears more efficient in reducing the reliance on sickness absence, rather than redistributive policies.},
  author       = {Helgertz, Jonas and Hess, Wolfgang and Scott, Kirk},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {3930--3953},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Relative Deprivation and Sickness Absence in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10093930},
  doi          = {10.3390/ijerph10093930},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2013},
}