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Examples as Crucial Arguments on 'others'

Wästerfors, David LU and Holsanova, Jana LU (2005) In Text - An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse1981-01-01+01:002006-01-01+01:00 25(4). p.519-554
Abstract
In this article we take the classic meaning of exemplum as a point of departure to show how examples are marked and used in oral discourse on 'others'. The empirical material is a transcribed focus group interview with Swedish students talking about a trip to Warsaw. Examples may be marked in explicit ways but also in implicit ways. Some examples seem recognizable by their allusive nature, others by animated talk or quotations. Examples have various functions. They specify things but restrict them at the same time. They may serve as objectifications of an argument, they may mobilize associations, display attitudes, or indicate 'types' of persons or items. Some examples are virtual; they exemplify what could happen, or what never happened.... (More)
In this article we take the classic meaning of exemplum as a point of departure to show how examples are marked and used in oral discourse on 'others'. The empirical material is a transcribed focus group interview with Swedish students talking about a trip to Warsaw. Examples may be marked in explicit ways but also in implicit ways. Some examples seem recognizable by their allusive nature, others by animated talk or quotations. Examples have various functions. They specify things but restrict them at the same time. They may serve as objectifications of an argument, they may mobilize associations, display attitudes, or indicate 'types' of persons or items. Some examples are virtual; they exemplify what could happen, or what never happened. Speakers may question another's argument by referring to counterexamples, or request examples and thereby 'disarm' an opponent. Examples are also target for protests. A dissatisfied listener may consider others' examples as misleading, badly chosen, or too few. In general, examples serve as shortened induction. They are articulated in relation to something general, vague, or abstract. Typically, a speaker confirms, challenges, or in other ways elaborates an argument with the aid of examples, in order to convince and please the audience. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
socialpsykologi, sociology, Poland, Swedes, 'others', focus group, induction, rhetoric, argument, sociologi, social psychology
in
Text - An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse1981-01-01+01:002006-01-01+01:00
volume
25
issue
4
pages
519 - 554
publisher
De Gruyter
external identifiers
  • wos:000230681100003
ISSN
0165-4888
DOI
10.1515/text.2005.25.4.519
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
accf866a-4848-4d79-8bd3-6d52c633b817 (old id 748434)
date added to LUP
2007-12-13 15:57:22
date last changed
2016-11-15 10:48:04
@article{accf866a-4848-4d79-8bd3-6d52c633b817,
  abstract     = {In this article we take the classic meaning of exemplum as a point of departure to show how examples are marked and used in oral discourse on 'others'. The empirical material is a transcribed focus group interview with Swedish students talking about a trip to Warsaw. Examples may be marked in explicit ways but also in implicit ways. Some examples seem recognizable by their allusive nature, others by animated talk or quotations. Examples have various functions. They specify things but restrict them at the same time. They may serve as objectifications of an argument, they may mobilize associations, display attitudes, or indicate 'types' of persons or items. Some examples are virtual; they exemplify what could happen, or what never happened. Speakers may question another's argument by referring to counterexamples, or request examples and thereby 'disarm' an opponent. Examples are also target for protests. A dissatisfied listener may consider others' examples as misleading, badly chosen, or too few. In general, examples serve as shortened induction. They are articulated in relation to something general, vague, or abstract. Typically, a speaker confirms, challenges, or in other ways elaborates an argument with the aid of examples, in order to convince and please the audience.},
  author       = {Wästerfors, David and Holsanova, Jana},
  issn         = {0165-4888},
  keyword      = {socialpsykologi,sociology,Poland,Swedes,'others',focus group,induction,rhetoric,argument,sociologi,social psychology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {519--554},
  publisher    = {De Gruyter},
  series       = {Text - An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse1981-01-01+01:002006-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Examples as Crucial Arguments on 'others'},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/text.2005.25.4.519},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2005},
}