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Visual analysis of online social media to open up the investigation of stance phenomena

Kucher, Kostiantyn; Schamp-Bjerede, Teri LU ; Kerren, Andreas; Paradis, Carita LU and Sahlgren, Magnus (2016) In Information Visualization 15(2). p.93-116
Abstract
Online social media are a perfect text source for stance analysis. Stance in human communication is concerned with speaker attitudes, beliefs, feelings and opinions. Expressions of stance are associated with the speakers' view of what they are talking about and what is up for discussion and negotiation in the intersubjective exchange. Taking stance is thus crucial for the social construction of meaning. Increased knowledge of stance can be useful for many application fields such as business intelligence, security analytics, or social media monitoring. In order to process large amounts of text data for stance analyses, linguists need interactive tools to explore the textual sources as well as the processed data based on computational... (More)
Online social media are a perfect text source for stance analysis. Stance in human communication is concerned with speaker attitudes, beliefs, feelings and opinions. Expressions of stance are associated with the speakers' view of what they are talking about and what is up for discussion and negotiation in the intersubjective exchange. Taking stance is thus crucial for the social construction of meaning. Increased knowledge of stance can be useful for many application fields such as business intelligence, security analytics, or social media monitoring. In order to process large amounts of text data for stance analyses, linguists need interactive tools to explore the textual sources as well as the processed data based on computational linguistics techniques. Both original texts and derived data are important for refining the analyses iteratively. In this work, we present a visual analytics tool for online social media text data that can be used to open up the investigation of stance phenomena. Our approach complements traditional linguistic analysis techniques and is based on the analysis of utterances associated with two stance categories: sentiment and certainty. Our contributions include (1) the description of a novel web-based solution for analyzing the use and patterns of stance meanings and expressions in human communication over time; and (2) specialized techniques used for visualizing analysis provenance and corpus overview/navigation. We demonstrate our approach by means of text media on a highly controversial scandal with regard to expressions of anger and provide an expert review from linguists who have been using our tool. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
text and document data, online social media, visual linguistics, text analytics, sentiment analysis, stance analysis, time-series, interaction, text visualization, visualization, Visual analytics
in
Information Visualization
volume
15
issue
2
pages
93 - 116
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:84964050221
  • wos:000371645100001
ISSN
1473-8724
DOI
10.1177/1473871615575079
project
StaViCTA - Advances in the description and explanation of stance in discourse using visual and computational text analytics
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5174ad8b-39e0-47e4-8488-f07ee23508fa (old id 7583792)
date added to LUP
2015-07-21 12:50:21
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:20:03
@article{5174ad8b-39e0-47e4-8488-f07ee23508fa,
  abstract     = {Online social media are a perfect text source for stance analysis. Stance in human communication is concerned with speaker attitudes, beliefs, feelings and opinions. Expressions of stance are associated with the speakers' view of what they are talking about and what is up for discussion and negotiation in the intersubjective exchange. Taking stance is thus crucial for the social construction of meaning. Increased knowledge of stance can be useful for many application fields such as business intelligence, security analytics, or social media monitoring. In order to process large amounts of text data for stance analyses, linguists need interactive tools to explore the textual sources as well as the processed data based on computational linguistics techniques. Both original texts and derived data are important for refining the analyses iteratively. In this work, we present a visual analytics tool for online social media text data that can be used to open up the investigation of stance phenomena. Our approach complements traditional linguistic analysis techniques and is based on the analysis of utterances associated with two stance categories: sentiment and certainty. Our contributions include (1) the description of a novel web-based solution for analyzing the use and patterns of stance meanings and expressions in human communication over time; and (2) specialized techniques used for visualizing analysis provenance and corpus overview/navigation. We demonstrate our approach by means of text media on a highly controversial scandal with regard to expressions of anger and provide an expert review from linguists who have been using our tool.},
  author       = {Kucher, Kostiantyn and Schamp-Bjerede, Teri and Kerren, Andreas and Paradis, Carita and Sahlgren, Magnus},
  issn         = {1473-8724},
  keyword      = {text and document data,online social media,visual linguistics,text analytics,sentiment analysis,stance analysis,time-series,interaction,text visualization,visualization,Visual analytics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {93--116},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Information Visualization},
  title        = {Visual analysis of online social media to open up the investigation of stance phenomena},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1473871615575079},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2016},
}