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Assessing Students’ Knowledge on WASH-Related Diseases

Mourad, Khaldoon A LU ; Habumugisha, Vincent and Sule, Bolaji F. (2019) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(11).
Abstract
Water-, sanitation-, and hygiene-related diseases are killing many people each year in developing countries, including Rwanda, and children under the age of five are the most vulnerable. This research assessed human waste disposal practices, knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, and knowledge on causes and prevention of selected WASH-related diseases. One thousand one hundred and seventy-three students were interviewed out of 2900 students. The results showed, regarding students’ waste disposal practices, that 96.3% use latrines, 20.5% practice open defecation in bushes, and 3.2% defecate in water bodies. Regarding knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, 56.9% responded that they were aware of... (More)
Water-, sanitation-, and hygiene-related diseases are killing many people each year in developing countries, including Rwanda, and children under the age of five are the most vulnerable. This research assessed human waste disposal practices, knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, and knowledge on causes and prevention of selected WASH-related diseases. One thousand one hundred and seventy-three students were interviewed out of 2900 students. The results showed, regarding students’ waste disposal practices, that 96.3% use latrines, 20.5% practice open defecation in bushes, and 3.2% defecate in water bodies. Regarding knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, 56.9% responded that they were aware of cholera, 26.5% of diarrhoea, 2.2% of dysentery, 0.3% of malaria, 0.1% of shigellosis, and 3.8% of typhoid. The majority of the respondents, between 50–99%, could not identify the main causes of the WASH-related diseases. This paper also showed that students lack health knowledge in regard to WASH-related diseases’ causes and prevention. Therefore, the provision of water and sanitation infrastructures should go with the provision of health education on how to avoid these diseases and possible ways to improve the well-being of the students both at home and in their various schools. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
16
issue
11
pages
8 pages
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
external identifiers
  • scopus:85067804122
ISSN
1660-4601
DOI
10.3390/ijerph16112052
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
762aa3ba-a156-40f0-8674-d498922240d4
date added to LUP
2019-06-10 23:26:58
date last changed
2019-07-30 05:03:30
@article{762aa3ba-a156-40f0-8674-d498922240d4,
  abstract     = {Water-, sanitation-, and hygiene-related diseases are killing many people each year in developing countries, including Rwanda, and children under the age of five are the most vulnerable. This research assessed human waste disposal practices, knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, and knowledge on causes and prevention of selected WASH-related diseases. One thousand one hundred and seventy-three students were interviewed out of 2900 students. The results showed, regarding students’ waste disposal practices, that 96.3% use latrines, 20.5% practice open defecation in bushes, and 3.2% defecate in water bodies. Regarding knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, 56.9% responded that they were aware of cholera, 26.5% of diarrhoea, 2.2% of dysentery, 0.3% of malaria, 0.1% of shigellosis, and 3.8% of typhoid. The majority of the respondents, between 50–99%, could not identify the main causes of the WASH-related diseases. This paper also showed that students lack health knowledge in regard to WASH-related diseases’ causes and prevention. Therefore, the provision of water and sanitation infrastructures should go with the provision of health education on how to avoid these diseases and possible ways to improve the well-being of the students both at home and in their various schools.},
  articleno    = {2052},
  author       = {Mourad, Khaldoon A and Habumugisha, Vincent  and Sule, Bolaji F.},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {8},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Assessing Students’ Knowledge on WASH-Related Diseases},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112052},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2019},
}