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Re-enacting the sequence : Combined digital methods to study a prehistoric cave

Landeschi, Giacomo LU ; Apel, Jan LU ; Lundström, Victor; Storå, Jan; Lindgren, Stefan LU and Dell'Unto, Nicolo LU (2019) In Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11(6). p.2805-2819
Abstract
This contribution seeks to demonstrate how recently developed 3D GIS platforms can help archeologists in relating to the original context legacy data that can be employed to digitally reconstruct the sequence of arbitrary layers as it was observed and then excavated in the end of the nineteenth century. This research has been conducted on the prehistoric cave of Stora Förvar, located on the small island of Stora Karlsö, in South-Eastern Sweden. As a part of a research project titled “The pioneer settlements of Gotland,” this line of enquiry has sought to combine 3D-based digital acquisition techniques, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and old archival material (hand-made drawings, artifacts lists, historical pictures) in order to... (More)
This contribution seeks to demonstrate how recently developed 3D GIS platforms can help archeologists in relating to the original context legacy data that can be employed to digitally reconstruct the sequence of arbitrary layers as it was observed and then excavated in the end of the nineteenth century. This research has been conducted on the prehistoric cave of Stora Förvar, located on the small island of Stora Karlsö, in South-Eastern Sweden. As a part of a research project titled “The pioneer settlements of Gotland,” this line of enquiry has sought to combine 3D-based digital acquisition techniques, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and old archival material (hand-made drawings, artifacts lists, historical pictures) in order to virtually reconstruct the original sequence as it was excavated through the method of arbitrary layers. At a later stage, the reconstructed sequence has been employed to re-contextualize and analyze the distribution of artifacts so as to detect any possible pattern that could have been useful for defining the chronological boundaries of the Mesolithic phase of habitation of the cave. In brief, three main objectives can be defined: (a) to re-create a spatial connection between the artifacts retrieved at the time of the excavation and the sequence of layers, (b) to define density maps showing the relationship between volumes of layers and categories of artifacts belonging to the sequence, and (c) to further our knowledge about the Mesolithic habitation of the cave, not only vertically (chronologically) but also horizontally. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
3D GIS, Mesolithic, Scandinavian archeology, 3D spatial analysis, Volumetric analysis
in
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
volume
11
issue
6
pages
2805 - 2819
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85055935229
ISSN
1866-9565
DOI
10.1007/s12520-018-0724-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
78f35e10-b18f-41de-a268-435f00342a75
date added to LUP
2018-10-01 09:30:17
date last changed
2019-05-27 15:23:00
@article{78f35e10-b18f-41de-a268-435f00342a75,
  abstract     = {This contribution seeks to demonstrate how recently developed 3D GIS platforms can help archeologists in relating to the original context legacy data that can be employed to digitally reconstruct the sequence of arbitrary layers as it was observed and then excavated in the end of the nineteenth century. This research has been conducted on the prehistoric cave of Stora Förvar, located on the small island of Stora Karlsö, in South-Eastern Sweden. As a part of a research project titled “The pioneer settlements of Gotland,” this line of enquiry has sought to combine 3D-based digital acquisition techniques, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and old archival material (hand-made drawings, artifacts lists, historical pictures) in order to virtually reconstruct the original sequence as it was excavated through the method of arbitrary layers. At a later stage, the reconstructed sequence has been employed to re-contextualize and analyze the distribution of artifacts so as to detect any possible pattern that could have been useful for defining the chronological boundaries of the Mesolithic phase of habitation of the cave. In brief, three main objectives can be defined: (a) to re-create a spatial connection between the artifacts retrieved at the time of the excavation and the sequence of layers, (b) to define density maps showing the relationship between volumes of layers and categories of artifacts belonging to the sequence, and (c) to further our knowledge about the Mesolithic habitation of the cave, not only vertically (chronologically) but also horizontally.},
  author       = {Landeschi, Giacomo and Apel, Jan and Lundström, Victor and Storå, Jan and Lindgren, Stefan and Dell'Unto, Nicolo},
  issn         = {1866-9565},
  keyword      = {3D GIS,Mesolithic,Scandinavian archeology,3D spatial analysis,Volumetric analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2805--2819},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences},
  title        = {Re-enacting the sequence : Combined digital methods to study a prehistoric cave},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0724-5},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2019},
}