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Deletion of glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) impairs long-term blood glucose control in C57BL/6 leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice.

Spégel, Peter LU ; Chawade, Aakash; Nielsen, Søren; Kjellbom, Per and Rützler, Michael (2015) In Physiological reports 3(9).
Abstract
Deletion of the glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) reduces postprandial blood glucose levels in leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice on a C57BL/6 × C57BLKS mixed genetic background. Furthermore, shRNA-mediated reduction of Aqp9 expression reduces liver triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in a diet-induced rat model of obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolic effects of Aqp9 deletion in coisogenic db/db mice of the C57BL/6 background. Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice did not differ in body weight and liver TAG contents. On the C57BL/6 genetic background, we observed elevated plasma glucose in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice (+1.1 mmol/L, life-time average), while plasma insulin concentration was reduced at the time of... (More)
Deletion of the glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) reduces postprandial blood glucose levels in leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice on a C57BL/6 × C57BLKS mixed genetic background. Furthermore, shRNA-mediated reduction of Aqp9 expression reduces liver triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in a diet-induced rat model of obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolic effects of Aqp9 deletion in coisogenic db/db mice of the C57BL/6 background. Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice did not differ in body weight and liver TAG contents. On the C57BL/6 genetic background, we observed elevated plasma glucose in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice (+1.1 mmol/L, life-time average), while plasma insulin concentration was reduced at the time of death. Glucose levels changed similarly in pentobarbital anesthetized, glucagon challenged Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice. Liver transcriptional profiling did not detect differential gene expression between genotypes. Metabolite profiling revealed a sex independent increase in plasma glycerol (+55%) and glucose (+24%), and reduction in threonate (all at q < 0.1) in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice compared to controls. Metabolite profiling thus confirms a role of AQP9 in glycerol metabolism of obese C57BL/6 db/db mice. In this animal model of obesity Aqp9 gene deletion elevates plasma glucose and does not alleviate hepatosteatosis. (Less)
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author
organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Physiological reports
volume
3
issue
9
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • PMID:26416971
  • Scopus:84949836538
ISSN
2051-817X
DOI
10.14814/phy2.12538
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bf6e35da-a5de-42f8-a967-d860cad3b86f (old id 8034565)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26416971?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-10-03 12:58:56
date last changed
2017-01-08 05:28:11
@article{bf6e35da-a5de-42f8-a967-d860cad3b86f,
  abstract     = {Deletion of the glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) reduces postprandial blood glucose levels in leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice on a C57BL/6 × C57BLKS mixed genetic background. Furthermore, shRNA-mediated reduction of Aqp9 expression reduces liver triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in a diet-induced rat model of obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolic effects of Aqp9 deletion in coisogenic db/db mice of the C57BL/6 background. Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice did not differ in body weight and liver TAG contents. On the C57BL/6 genetic background, we observed elevated plasma glucose in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice (+1.1 mmol/L, life-time average), while plasma insulin concentration was reduced at the time of death. Glucose levels changed similarly in pentobarbital anesthetized, glucagon challenged Aqp9(wt) db/db and Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice. Liver transcriptional profiling did not detect differential gene expression between genotypes. Metabolite profiling revealed a sex independent increase in plasma glycerol (+55%) and glucose (+24%), and reduction in threonate (all at q &lt; 0.1) in Aqp9(-/-) db/db mice compared to controls. Metabolite profiling thus confirms a role of AQP9 in glycerol metabolism of obese C57BL/6 db/db mice. In this animal model of obesity Aqp9 gene deletion elevates plasma glucose and does not alleviate hepatosteatosis.},
  articleno    = {e12538},
  author       = {Spégel, Peter and Chawade, Aakash and Nielsen, Søren and Kjellbom, Per and Rützler, Michael},
  issn         = {2051-817X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Physiological reports},
  title        = {Deletion of glycerol channel aquaporin-9 (Aqp9) impairs long-term blood glucose control in C57BL/6 leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) obese mice.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.14814/phy2.12538},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2015},
}