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Fast determination of intact glucosinolates in broccoli leaf by pressurized liquid extraction and ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry

Ares, Ana M.; Bernal, Jose; Nozal, Maria J.; Turner, Charlotta LU and Plaza, Merichel LU (2015) In Food Research International 76. p.498-505
Abstract
In this study, we investigate for the first time the efficiency of an environmentally sustainable extraction technique (pressurized liquid extraction, PIE) in conjunction with a fast separation technique (ultra-high performance liquid chromatography, UHPLC) coupled to a selective mass spectrometry (MS) detector (quadrupole time-of-flight, qTOF) to extract, separate and quantify fifteen intact-glucosinolates (GLSs) in broccoli leaves. Firstly, we have developed and optimized by means of an experimental design an efficient extraction procedure based on PLE (using ethanol/water as a solvent), giving complete extraction within 15 min; meanwhile, the average analyte recoveries were between 85% and 96% in all cases. Chromatography was performed... (More)
In this study, we investigate for the first time the efficiency of an environmentally sustainable extraction technique (pressurized liquid extraction, PIE) in conjunction with a fast separation technique (ultra-high performance liquid chromatography, UHPLC) coupled to a selective mass spectrometry (MS) detector (quadrupole time-of-flight, qTOF) to extract, separate and quantify fifteen intact-glucosinolates (GLSs) in broccoli leaves. Firstly, we have developed and optimized by means of an experimental design an efficient extraction procedure based on PLE (using ethanol/water as a solvent), giving complete extraction within 15 min; meanwhile, the average analyte recoveries were between 85% and 96% in all cases. Chromatography was performed on a UHPLC BEH Shield RP181.7 mu m 110 angstrom (2.1 x 100 mm) analytical column with a mobile phase composed by formic add in water (0.5%, v/v) and formic acid in acetonitrile (0524 v/v) in gradient elution mode at 03 mL/min, resulted in baseline-separated peaks and a run time of 13 min. The method was fully validated in terms of selectivity, limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), linearity, precision, and trueness; meanwhile a study of the matrix effect was also performed. A good selectivity, low LODs and LOQs, ranging from 2 to 26 mu g/g, wide linear ranges from LOQ to 2500 mu g/g, and satisfactory precision and trueness with relative standard deviation and relative error values lower than or equal to 9%, were obtained for the studied GLSs. Finally, the proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of intact-GLSs in fifteen broccoli leaf samples from three different cultivars (Parthenon, Nubia, and Naxos). Nine intact-GLSs were detected in all the varieties, although in different concentrations, which ranged between 14 and 1136 mu g/g, depending on the broccoli cultivar. In addition, the highest total content of GLSs was found in broccoli leaf samples from Parthenon cultivar, being the Naxos cultivar the poorest in GLS content. This study demonstrates the efficiency of PLE as an environmentally sustainable alternative to extract intact-GLS from broccoli leaves, and that UHPLC-qTOE-MS allowed a rapid, selective and sensitive determination of intact-GLSs in this matrix. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Broccoli leaves, Intact-glucosinolates, Pressurized liquid extraction, UHPLC-qTOE-MS
in
Food Research International
volume
76
pages
498 - 505
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000361924500022
  • scopus:84952990617
ISSN
0963-9969
DOI
10.1016/j.foodres.2015.06.037
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c634e1fa-3013-4487-ba94-1c879386c985 (old id 8221527)
date added to LUP
2015-11-30 14:12:02
date last changed
2017-09-17 03:04:41
@article{c634e1fa-3013-4487-ba94-1c879386c985,
  abstract     = {In this study, we investigate for the first time the efficiency of an environmentally sustainable extraction technique (pressurized liquid extraction, PIE) in conjunction with a fast separation technique (ultra-high performance liquid chromatography, UHPLC) coupled to a selective mass spectrometry (MS) detector (quadrupole time-of-flight, qTOF) to extract, separate and quantify fifteen intact-glucosinolates (GLSs) in broccoli leaves. Firstly, we have developed and optimized by means of an experimental design an efficient extraction procedure based on PLE (using ethanol/water as a solvent), giving complete extraction within 15 min; meanwhile, the average analyte recoveries were between 85% and 96% in all cases. Chromatography was performed on a UHPLC BEH Shield RP181.7 mu m 110 angstrom (2.1 x 100 mm) analytical column with a mobile phase composed by formic add in water (0.5%, v/v) and formic acid in acetonitrile (0524 v/v) in gradient elution mode at 03 mL/min, resulted in baseline-separated peaks and a run time of 13 min. The method was fully validated in terms of selectivity, limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), linearity, precision, and trueness; meanwhile a study of the matrix effect was also performed. A good selectivity, low LODs and LOQs, ranging from 2 to 26 mu g/g, wide linear ranges from LOQ to 2500 mu g/g, and satisfactory precision and trueness with relative standard deviation and relative error values lower than or equal to 9%, were obtained for the studied GLSs. Finally, the proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of intact-GLSs in fifteen broccoli leaf samples from three different cultivars (Parthenon, Nubia, and Naxos). Nine intact-GLSs were detected in all the varieties, although in different concentrations, which ranged between 14 and 1136 mu g/g, depending on the broccoli cultivar. In addition, the highest total content of GLSs was found in broccoli leaf samples from Parthenon cultivar, being the Naxos cultivar the poorest in GLS content. This study demonstrates the efficiency of PLE as an environmentally sustainable alternative to extract intact-GLS from broccoli leaves, and that UHPLC-qTOE-MS allowed a rapid, selective and sensitive determination of intact-GLSs in this matrix. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Ares, Ana M. and Bernal, Jose and Nozal, Maria J. and Turner, Charlotta and Plaza, Merichel},
  issn         = {0963-9969},
  keyword      = {Broccoli leaves,Intact-glucosinolates,Pressurized liquid extraction,UHPLC-qTOE-MS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {498--505},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Food Research International},
  title        = {Fast determination of intact glucosinolates in broccoli leaf by pressurized liquid extraction and ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2015.06.037},
  volume       = {76},
  year         = {2015},
}