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What makes some persons more prejudiced than others? Modeling the role of social dominance, empathy, social desirability, and gender

Bäckström, Martin LU ; Björklund, Fredrik LU ; Hansson, Sven Birger LU ; Bern, Dina and Westerlundh, Bert LU (2005) In Lund Psychological Reports Vol 6 no 2.
Abstract
Structural equation modeling on questionnaire data showed that different kinds of prejudice (concerning sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, and impaired develop­ment) can be represented as a general prejudice factor. Specific variability related to classical and modern prejudice only increased model fit marginally. Several causal models of the relation between key individual difference variables and prejudice were tested. Social dominance orientation had a strong, empathy a moderate, and social desirability a comparably weaker direct effect on generalized prejudice. The effects of participant gender on the generalized prejudice factor, where the men scored higher, were almost completely mediated by empathy. The importance of empathy in... (More)
Structural equation modeling on questionnaire data showed that different kinds of prejudice (concerning sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, and impaired develop­ment) can be represented as a general prejudice factor. Specific variability related to classical and modern prejudice only increased model fit marginally. Several causal models of the relation between key individual difference variables and prejudice were tested. Social dominance orientation had a strong, empathy a moderate, and social desirability a comparably weaker direct effect on generalized prejudice. The effects of participant gender on the generalized prejudice factor, where the men scored higher, were almost completely mediated by empathy. The importance of empathy in causal models of prejudice, and of indirect measurement of prejudice, is discussed. (Less)
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type
Book/Report
publication status
published
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in
Lund Psychological Reports
volume
Vol 6 no 2
pages
14 pages
publisher
Department of Psychology, Lund University
ISSN
1404-8035
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
eb0dedb1-4586-4392-9887-b0db984086c1 (old id 833614)
date added to LUP
2008-01-09 16:32:13
date last changed
2016-04-16 04:33:20
@techreport{eb0dedb1-4586-4392-9887-b0db984086c1,
  abstract     = {Structural equation modeling on questionnaire data showed that different kinds of prejudice (concerning sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, and impaired develop­ment) can be represented as a general prejudice factor. Specific variability related to classical and modern prejudice only increased model fit marginally. Several causal models of the relation between key individual difference variables and prejudice were tested. Social dominance orientation had a strong, empathy a moderate, and social desirability a comparably weaker direct effect on generalized prejudice. The effects of participant gender on the generalized prejudice factor, where the men scored higher, were almost completely mediated by empathy. The importance of empathy in causal models of prejudice, and of indirect measurement of prejudice, is discussed.},
  author       = {Bäckström, Martin and Björklund, Fredrik and Hansson, Sven Birger and Bern, Dina and Westerlundh, Bert},
  institution  = {Department of Psychology, Lund University},
  issn         = {1404-8035},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {14},
  series       = {Lund Psychological Reports},
  title        = {What makes some persons more prejudiced than others? Modeling the role of social dominance, empathy, social desirability, and gender},
  volume       = {Vol 6 no 2},
  year         = {2005},
}