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The role of smoking and alcohol behaviour in management of functional gastrointestinal disorders

Ohlsson, Bodil LU (2017) In Bailliere's Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology 31(5). p.545-552
Abstract

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common disorders in the population. Lifestyle habits have been suspected to influence the presence and degree of symptoms, and many studies have examined the role of food components and physical activity on the disease development. The role of smoking and alcohol intake on FGID has been less thoroughly examined. This systematic literature review, of a large amount of studies from different countries around the world with different design and application of FGID criteria, shows that smoking seems to be associated with a significant 50% increased risk of FD for current compared with never smokers. The associations between smoking and other FGIDs are weak, if present at all. A moderate... (More)

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common disorders in the population. Lifestyle habits have been suspected to influence the presence and degree of symptoms, and many studies have examined the role of food components and physical activity on the disease development. The role of smoking and alcohol intake on FGID has been less thoroughly examined. This systematic literature review, of a large amount of studies from different countries around the world with different design and application of FGID criteria, shows that smoking seems to be associated with a significant 50% increased risk of FD for current compared with never smokers. The associations between smoking and other FGIDs are weak, if present at all. A moderate alcohol intake is not associated with FGIDs. On the other hand, a high alcohol intake may lead to development and aggravation of FGID symptoms, especially functional dyspepsia.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Alcohol, Functional dyspepsia, Functional gastrointestinal disorders, Irritable bowel syndrome, Smoking
in
Bailliere's Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology
volume
31
issue
5
pages
545 - 552
publisher
Baillière Tindall
external identifiers
  • scopus:85028986882
  • wos:000418628000008
ISSN
1521-6918
DOI
10.1016/j.bpg.2017.09.006
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
83ddec57-3eb1-4dd3-9ecb-027e3de02e1b
date added to LUP
2017-10-06 11:44:41
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:21:32
@article{83ddec57-3eb1-4dd3-9ecb-027e3de02e1b,
  abstract     = {<p>Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common disorders in the population. Lifestyle habits have been suspected to influence the presence and degree of symptoms, and many studies have examined the role of food components and physical activity on the disease development. The role of smoking and alcohol intake on FGID has been less thoroughly examined. This systematic literature review, of a large amount of studies from different countries around the world with different design and application of FGID criteria, shows that smoking seems to be associated with a significant 50% increased risk of FD for current compared with never smokers. The associations between smoking and other FGIDs are weak, if present at all. A moderate alcohol intake is not associated with FGIDs. On the other hand, a high alcohol intake may lead to development and aggravation of FGID symptoms, especially functional dyspepsia.</p>},
  author       = {Ohlsson, Bodil},
  issn         = {1521-6918},
  keyword      = {Alcohol,Functional dyspepsia,Functional gastrointestinal disorders,Irritable bowel syndrome,Smoking},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {545--552},
  publisher    = {Baillière Tindall},
  series       = {Bailliere's Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology},
  title        = {The role of smoking and alcohol behaviour in management of functional gastrointestinal disorders},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpg.2017.09.006},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2017},
}