Advanced

Social context modulates basic properties of oculomotor control

Strukelj, Alexander LU ; Foulsham, Tom and Nyström, Marcus LU (2016) In Journal of Eye Movement Research 9(2). p.1-8
Abstract
Experiments performed in a lab are often considered generali- zable over both people and social settings. The problems with generalizing over different groups of people are well known, but it is only recently that changes in behavior depending on the
social setting have been examined. Large changes in behavior can be seen in trivial cognitive tasks, depending on whether the participant is alone or if other people are present. However, there are very few studies which have measured eye move- ments in social settings. In this paper, we used the antisaccade task to test whether basic parameters of oculomotor control are sensitive to the size of an experimental group. 70 participants conducted 48 antisaccade trials in groups of one to... (More)
Experiments performed in a lab are often considered generali- zable over both people and social settings. The problems with generalizing over different groups of people are well known, but it is only recently that changes in behavior depending on the
social setting have been examined. Large changes in behavior can be seen in trivial cognitive tasks, depending on whether the participant is alone or if other people are present. However, there are very few studies which have measured eye move- ments in social settings. In this paper, we used the antisaccade task to test whether basic parameters of oculomotor control are sensitive to the size of an experimental group. 70 participants conducted 48 antisaccade trials in groups of one to seven people in a classroom equipped with multiple eye trackers. The results show that for horizontal saccades, but not for vertical saccades, participants make significantly more antisaccade errors when the group size become larger. The group size did however not significantly predict a change in antisaccade latency. These results are in line with a number of recent studies on social attention showing that the mere presence of other people in the room can modulate several aspects of performance, and show that behavior in a lab might not be easily generalizable to everyday life or social situations. Finally, from a methodological viewpoint, the results show that the group size should be considered when testing participants in a social setting. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Eye Movement Research
volume
9
issue
2
pages
1 - 8
publisher
European Group for Eye Movement Research
external identifiers
  • scopus:84959419838
ISSN
1995-8692
DOI
10.16910/jemr.9.2.5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8aa52e39-28ea-440d-af43-eedc89b3b51b (old id 8518071)
date added to LUP
2016-01-12 07:50:15
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:13:11
@article{8aa52e39-28ea-440d-af43-eedc89b3b51b,
  abstract     = {Experiments performed in a lab are often considered generali- zable over both people and social settings. The problems with generalizing over different groups of people are well known, but it is only recently that changes in behavior depending on the<br/>social setting have been examined. Large changes in behavior can be seen in trivial cognitive tasks, depending on whether the participant is alone or if other people are present. However, there are very few studies which have measured eye move- ments in social settings. In this paper, we used the antisaccade task to test whether basic parameters of oculomotor control are sensitive to the size of an experimental group. 70 participants conducted 48 antisaccade trials in groups of one to seven people in a classroom equipped with multiple eye trackers. The results show that for horizontal saccades, but not for vertical saccades, participants make significantly more antisaccade errors when the group size become larger. The group size did however not significantly predict a change in antisaccade latency. These results are in line with a number of recent studies on social attention showing that the mere presence of other people in the room can modulate several aspects of performance, and show that behavior in a lab might not be easily generalizable to everyday life or social situations. Finally, from a methodological viewpoint, the results show that the group size should be considered when testing participants in a social setting.},
  author       = {Strukelj, Alexander and Foulsham, Tom and Nyström, Marcus},
  issn         = {1995-8692},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1--8},
  publisher    = {European Group for Eye Movement Research},
  series       = {Journal of Eye Movement Research},
  title        = {Social context modulates basic properties of oculomotor control},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.16910/jemr.9.2.5},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2016},
}