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Time perspective and mental health continuum: What are the time perspective profiles of flourishing, moderately mentally healthy, and languishing individuals?

Daukantaité, Daiva LU (2015) In Social Inquiry into Well-Being 1(2). p.12-24
Abstract
Time perspective (TP) refers to individuals’ ways of constructing, reconstructing, and relating the psychological concepts of past, present,and future, and provides individuals with a coherence of experiences over time. In the present study, the relationships among five TPs (past negative, past positive, present fatalistic, present hedonistic, and future) were studied in a student sample (N = 280) using a person-oriented approach, as well as their relationships with continuous measures of emotional, psychological, and social well-being and three categories on the mental health continuum (flourishing, moderately mentally healthy, and languishing). A cluster analysis resulted in seven TP profiles, including balanced, present hedonistic,... (More)
Time perspective (TP) refers to individuals’ ways of constructing, reconstructing, and relating the psychological concepts of past, present,and future, and provides individuals with a coherence of experiences over time. In the present study, the relationships among five TPs (past negative, past positive, present fatalistic, present hedonistic, and future) were studied in a student sample (N = 280) using a person-oriented approach, as well as their relationships with continuous measures of emotional, psychological, and social well-being and three categories on the mental health continuum (flourishing, moderately mentally healthy, and languishing). A cluster analysis resulted in seven TP profiles, including balanced, present hedonistic, risk-taking, negative, diffuse/future-oriented, present-oriented, and diffuse. Individuals with the balanced profile (high scores for past positive and future and low scores for past negative and present fatalistic, along with below-average scores for present hedonistic) reported the highest levels of well-being, while individuals with the negative TP profile (very low past positive, low present hedonistic and future, high past negative, and above-average present fatalistic) reported the lowest levels of well-being. The results also showed that flourishing individuals tended to have the balanced TP profile while languishing individuals tended to have the negative TP profile more often than could be expected by chance. Moderately mentally healthy individuals had rather diverse TP profiles. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
time perspective profiles, time perspective, mental health continuum, balanced time perspective, ZTPI
in
Social Inquiry into Well-Being
volume
1
issue
2
pages
12 - 24
publisher
Mykolo Romerio universitetas, Lithuania
ISSN
2351-6682
DOI
10.13165/SIIW-15-1-2-02
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e0971645-0b32-44c0-a4f8-a3ae5ec82ab0 (old id 8726054)
alternative location
https://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/social-inquiry-into-well-being/article/view/4250
date added to LUP
2016-02-18 08:04:07
date last changed
2016-04-16 01:45:00
@article{e0971645-0b32-44c0-a4f8-a3ae5ec82ab0,
  abstract     = {Time perspective (TP) refers to individuals’ ways of constructing, reconstructing, and relating the psychological concepts of past, present,and future, and provides individuals with a coherence of experiences over time. In the present study, the relationships among five TPs (past negative, past positive, present fatalistic, present hedonistic, and future) were studied in a student sample (N = 280) using a person-oriented approach, as well as their relationships with continuous measures of emotional, psychological, and social well-being and three categories on the mental health continuum (flourishing, moderately mentally healthy, and languishing). A cluster analysis resulted in seven TP profiles, including balanced, present hedonistic, risk-taking, negative, diffuse/future-oriented, present-oriented, and diffuse. Individuals with the balanced profile (high scores for past positive and future and low scores for past negative and present fatalistic, along with below-average scores for present hedonistic) reported the highest levels of well-being, while individuals with the negative TP profile (very low past positive, low present hedonistic and future, high past negative, and above-average present fatalistic) reported the lowest levels of well-being. The results also showed that flourishing individuals tended to have the balanced TP profile while languishing individuals tended to have the negative TP profile more often than could be expected by chance. Moderately mentally healthy individuals had rather diverse TP profiles.},
  author       = {Daukantaité, Daiva},
  issn         = {2351-6682},
  keyword      = {time perspective profiles,time perspective,mental health continuum,balanced time perspective,ZTPI},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {12--24},
  publisher    = {Mykolo Romerio universitetas, Lithuania},
  series       = {Social Inquiry into Well-Being},
  title        = {Time perspective and mental health continuum: What are the time perspective profiles of flourishing, moderately mentally healthy, and languishing individuals?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13165/SIIW-15-1-2-02},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2015},
}