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Structural Changes of T4 Lysozyme upon Adsorption to Silica Nanoparticles Measured by Circular Dichroism

Billsten, Peter; Wahlgren, Marie LU ; Arnebrant, T; McGuire, J and Elwing, H (1995) In Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 175(1). p.77-82
Abstract
The change in the secondary structure of T4 lysozyme upon adsorption to silica particles was studied with circular dichroism. Two different mutants of the protein along with the wild type were investigated. The mutants differ from wild type by substitution of isoleucine for cysteine or tryptophan at position 3 and were chosen to represent a range of stability as quantified by their energies of thermal unfolding. The mutants differ in ΔG, at 65°C and pH 6.5, compared to the wild-type enzyme with -2.8 and 1.2 kcal/mol for the tryptophan and cysteine mutants, respectively. After adsorption to 9-nm silica nanoparticles for 90 min, a large change in the spectrum was observed for the less stable tryptophan mutant, while the changes were smaller... (More)
The change in the secondary structure of T4 lysozyme upon adsorption to silica particles was studied with circular dichroism. Two different mutants of the protein along with the wild type were investigated. The mutants differ from wild type by substitution of isoleucine for cysteine or tryptophan at position 3 and were chosen to represent a range of stability as quantified by their energies of thermal unfolding. The mutants differ in ΔG, at 65°C and pH 6.5, compared to the wild-type enzyme with -2.8 and 1.2 kcal/mol for the tryptophan and cysteine mutants, respectively. After adsorption to 9-nm silica nanoparticles for 90 min, a large change in the spectrum was observed for the less stable tryptophan mutant, while the changes were smaller for the wild type and the cysteine mutant. The spectral changes before and after adsorption corresponded to a calculated loss of α-helix of 12% for the wild type, 9% for the cysteine mutant, and 29% for the tryptophan mutant. Structural changes during adsorption of the proteins were also followed kinetically at 222 nm. The rate of conformational change differed among the three proteins and was fastest for the tryptophan mutant. In the case of the tryptophan mutant the time required for half of the measured change to occur was approximately 5 min, while for the cysteine mutant and the wild-type T4 lysozyme more than 10 min was required. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
volume
175
issue
1
pages
6 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0002091980
ISSN
1095-7103
DOI
10.1006/jcis.1995.1431
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8a788837-2477-435a-9f70-efc54a4ca0e3
date added to LUP
2016-04-15 19:25:14
date last changed
2017-07-06 22:38:15
@article{8a788837-2477-435a-9f70-efc54a4ca0e3,
  abstract     = {The change in the secondary structure of T4 lysozyme upon adsorption to silica particles was studied with circular dichroism. Two different mutants of the protein along with the wild type were investigated. The mutants differ from wild type by substitution of isoleucine for cysteine or tryptophan at position 3 and were chosen to represent a range of stability as quantified by their energies of thermal unfolding. The mutants differ in ΔG, at 65°C and pH 6.5, compared to the wild-type enzyme with -2.8 and 1.2 kcal/mol for the tryptophan and cysteine mutants, respectively. After adsorption to 9-nm silica nanoparticles for 90 min, a large change in the spectrum was observed for the less stable tryptophan mutant, while the changes were smaller for the wild type and the cysteine mutant. The spectral changes before and after adsorption corresponded to a calculated loss of α-helix of 12% for the wild type, 9% for the cysteine mutant, and 29% for the tryptophan mutant. Structural changes during adsorption of the proteins were also followed kinetically at 222 nm. The rate of conformational change differed among the three proteins and was fastest for the tryptophan mutant. In the case of the tryptophan mutant the time required for half of the measured change to occur was approximately 5 min, while for the cysteine mutant and the wild-type T4 lysozyme more than 10 min was required.},
  author       = {Billsten, Peter and Wahlgren, Marie and Arnebrant, T and McGuire, J and Elwing, H},
  issn         = {1095-7103},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {77--82},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Colloid and Interface Science},
  title        = {Structural Changes of T4 Lysozyme upon Adsorption to Silica Nanoparticles Measured by Circular Dichroism},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1995.1431},
  volume       = {175},
  year         = {1995},
}