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Energy – a scoping review for the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2023 project

Cloetens, Lieselotte LU and Ellegård, Lars (2023) In Food and Nutrition Research 67.
Abstract

We need energy intake to provide energy and nutrients to our cells. The amount of daily energy intake should aim for energy balance, which results in good health. Under-or overconsumption of total daily energy over a longer period leads to increased risk of diseases. In this scoping review, the components of daily energy requirement are defined. Several methods to estimate energy requirements and the amount of total daily energy intake (kJ) related to health are also discussed. Reference values for energy intake in children, adults and pregnant and postpartum women, and older adults are evaluated. Results show that it is challenging to set reference values for energy intake since existing methods are not accurate and precise, and there... (More)

We need energy intake to provide energy and nutrients to our cells. The amount of daily energy intake should aim for energy balance, which results in good health. Under-or overconsumption of total daily energy over a longer period leads to increased risk of diseases. In this scoping review, the components of daily energy requirement are defined. Several methods to estimate energy requirements and the amount of total daily energy intake (kJ) related to health are also discussed. Reference values for energy intake in children, adults and pregnant and postpartum women, and older adults are evaluated. Results show that it is challenging to set reference values for energy intake since existing methods are not accurate and precise, and there are several factors that influence the estimated amount of energy. Energy requirement is increased during growth as in childhood, pregnancy and lactation. We conclude that more research in this area is needed, and that new high-quality studies in both Nordic and Baltic countries are needed to obtain new recommendation numbers for energy intake.

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author
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Baltic, energy, energy balance, energy requirements, metabolic rate, Nordic, reference values
in
Food and Nutrition Research
volume
67
article number
10233
publisher
Co-Action Publishing
external identifiers
  • scopus:85177040080
  • pmid:38084151
ISSN
1654-6628
DOI
10.29219/fnr.v67.10233
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
Publisher Copyright: © 2023 Lieselotte Cloetens and Lars Ellegård.
id
8c7f63cc-735c-4f91-818f-eee02ba13a80
date added to LUP
2024-01-08 13:24:36
date last changed
2024-04-09 06:17:17
@article{8c7f63cc-735c-4f91-818f-eee02ba13a80,
  abstract     = {{<p>We need energy intake to provide energy and nutrients to our cells. The amount of daily energy intake should aim for energy balance, which results in good health. Under-or overconsumption of total daily energy over a longer period leads to increased risk of diseases. In this scoping review, the components of daily energy requirement are defined. Several methods to estimate energy requirements and the amount of total daily energy intake (kJ) related to health are also discussed. Reference values for energy intake in children, adults and pregnant and postpartum women, and older adults are evaluated. Results show that it is challenging to set reference values for energy intake since existing methods are not accurate and precise, and there are several factors that influence the estimated amount of energy. Energy requirement is increased during growth as in childhood, pregnancy and lactation. We conclude that more research in this area is needed, and that new high-quality studies in both Nordic and Baltic countries are needed to obtain new recommendation numbers for energy intake.</p>}},
  author       = {{Cloetens, Lieselotte and Ellegård, Lars}},
  issn         = {{1654-6628}},
  keywords     = {{Baltic; energy; energy balance; energy requirements; metabolic rate; Nordic; reference values}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  publisher    = {{Co-Action Publishing}},
  series       = {{Food and Nutrition Research}},
  title        = {{Energy – a scoping review for the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2023 project}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.29219/fnr.v67.10233}},
  doi          = {{10.29219/fnr.v67.10233}},
  volume       = {{67}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}