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Innate immune alterations are elicited in microglial cells before plaque deposition in the Alzheimer's disease mouse model 5xFAD

Boza-Serrano, Antonio LU ; Yang, Yiyi LU ; Paulus, Agnes LU and Deierborg, Tomas LU (2018) In Scientific Reports 8(1).
Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by the formation of amyloid plaques (Aβ). Over the last decade, the important role of the innate immune system for the disease development has been established. Chronic activation of microglial cells creates a proinflammatory environment, which is believed to be central for the development of the disease as well as its progression. We used the AD mouse model 5xFAD to investigate if inflammatory alterations are present in microglial cells before plaque deposition. We applied mass spectrometry and bioinformation analysis to elucidate early microglial alterations. Interestingly, we found the cytokines IL1β and IL10 to be elevated in the 5xFAD brain after the... (More)

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by the formation of amyloid plaques (Aβ). Over the last decade, the important role of the innate immune system for the disease development has been established. Chronic activation of microglial cells creates a proinflammatory environment, which is believed to be central for the development of the disease as well as its progression. We used the AD mouse model 5xFAD to investigate if inflammatory alterations are present in microglial cells before plaque deposition. We applied mass spectrometry and bioinformation analysis to elucidate early microglial alterations. Interestingly, we found the cytokines IL1β and IL10 to be elevated in the 5xFAD brain after the formation of Aβ plaque at 10 weeks only. Using mass spectrometry analysis of microglial cells with bioinformation analysis, we found JAK/STAT, p38 MAPK and Interleukin pathways affected in microglial cells before plaque deposition at 6 weeks. At 10 weeks, GO analysis showed affected pathways related to interferon-gamma regulation and MAPK pathways. Our study points toward early inflammatory changes in microglial cells even before the accumulation of Aβ.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scientific Reports
volume
8
issue
1
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85041081387
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-018-19699-y
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8fe7a3b1-591e-4eee-835c-497b4105c163
date added to LUP
2018-02-05 13:08:09
date last changed
2018-10-29 03:53:02
@article{8fe7a3b1-591e-4eee-835c-497b4105c163,
  abstract     = {<p>Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by the formation of amyloid plaques (Aβ). Over the last decade, the important role of the innate immune system for the disease development has been established. Chronic activation of microglial cells creates a proinflammatory environment, which is believed to be central for the development of the disease as well as its progression. We used the AD mouse model 5xFAD to investigate if inflammatory alterations are present in microglial cells before plaque deposition. We applied mass spectrometry and bioinformation analysis to elucidate early microglial alterations. Interestingly, we found the cytokines IL1β and IL10 to be elevated in the 5xFAD brain after the formation of Aβ plaque at 10 weeks only. Using mass spectrometry analysis of microglial cells with bioinformation analysis, we found JAK/STAT, p38 MAPK and Interleukin pathways affected in microglial cells before plaque deposition at 6 weeks. At 10 weeks, GO analysis showed affected pathways related to interferon-gamma regulation and MAPK pathways. Our study points toward early inflammatory changes in microglial cells even before the accumulation of Aβ.</p>},
  articleno    = {1550},
  author       = {Boza-Serrano, Antonio and Yang, Yiyi and Paulus, Agnes and Deierborg, Tomas},
  issn         = {2045-2322},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Scientific Reports},
  title        = {Innate immune alterations are elicited in microglial cells before plaque deposition in the Alzheimer's disease mouse model 5xFAD},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19699-y},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2018},
}