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Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats

Biurrun, Idoia ; Pielech, Remigiusz ; Dembicz, Iwona ; Gillet, François ; Kozub, Łukasz ; Marcenò, Corrado ; Reitalu, Triin LU ; Van Meerbeek, Koenraad ; Guarino, Riccardo and Chytrý, Milan , et al. (2021) In Journal of Vegetation Science 32(4).
Abstract

Aims: Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain richness values of Palaearctic open habitats for vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and complete vegetation (i.e., the sum of the former three groups). Location: Palaearctic biogeographic realm. Methods: We used 126,524 plots of eight standard grain sizes from the GrassPlot database: 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1,000 m2 and calculated the mean richness and standard deviations, as well as maximum, minimum, median, and first and third quartiles for each combination of grain size, taxonomic group,... (More)

Aims: Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain richness values of Palaearctic open habitats for vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and complete vegetation (i.e., the sum of the former three groups). Location: Palaearctic biogeographic realm. Methods: We used 126,524 plots of eight standard grain sizes from the GrassPlot database: 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1,000 m2 and calculated the mean richness and standard deviations, as well as maximum, minimum, median, and first and third quartiles for each combination of grain size, taxonomic group, biome, region, vegetation type and phytosociological class. Results: Patterns of plant diversity in vegetation types and biomes differ across grain sizes and taxonomic groups. Overall, secondary (mostly semi-natural) grasslands and natural grasslands are the richest vegetation type. The open-access file ”GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks” and the web tool “GrassPlot Diversity Explorer” are now available online (https://edgg.org/databases/GrasslandDiversityExplorer) and provide more insights into species richness patterns in the Palaearctic open habitats. Conclusions: The GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks provide high-quality data on species richness in open habitat types across the Palaearctic. These benchmark data can be used in vegetation ecology, macroecology, biodiversity conservation and data quality checking. While the amount of data in the underlying GrassPlot database and their spatial coverage are smaller than in other extensive vegetation-plot databases, species recordings in GrassPlot are on average more complete, making it a valuable complementary data source in macroecology.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
benchmark, bryophyte, fine-grain biodiversity, grassland, GrassPlot Diversity Explorer, lichen, open habitat, Palaearctic, scale dependence, species–area relationship, vascular plant, vegetation plot
in
Journal of Vegetation Science
volume
32
issue
4
article number
e13050
publisher
International Association of Vegetation Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:85114012813
ISSN
1100-9233
DOI
10.1111/jvs.13050
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
Funding Information: Funding information is provided in Appendix S7. We thank Manuel J. Steinbauer for the concept of the richness map in Figure 2. We thank the hundreds of vegetation ecologists who sampled the high-quality data used in this article and contributed them to GrassPlot. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Vegetation Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Association for Vegetation Science.
id
90a21c9c-ecdc-40ea-9ea4-6ae8c5e8841e
date added to LUP
2022-05-04 11:59:32
date last changed
2022-06-16 17:08:18
@article{90a21c9c-ecdc-40ea-9ea4-6ae8c5e8841e,
  abstract     = {{<p>Aims: Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain richness values of Palaearctic open habitats for vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and complete vegetation (i.e., the sum of the former three groups). Location: Palaearctic biogeographic realm. Methods: We used 126,524 plots of eight standard grain sizes from the GrassPlot database: 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1,000 m<sup>2</sup> and calculated the mean richness and standard deviations, as well as maximum, minimum, median, and first and third quartiles for each combination of grain size, taxonomic group, biome, region, vegetation type and phytosociological class. Results: Patterns of plant diversity in vegetation types and biomes differ across grain sizes and taxonomic groups. Overall, secondary (mostly semi-natural) grasslands and natural grasslands are the richest vegetation type. The open-access file ”GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks” and the web tool “GrassPlot Diversity Explorer” are now available online (https://edgg.org/databases/GrasslandDiversityExplorer) and provide more insights into species richness patterns in the Palaearctic open habitats. Conclusions: The GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks provide high-quality data on species richness in open habitat types across the Palaearctic. These benchmark data can be used in vegetation ecology, macroecology, biodiversity conservation and data quality checking. While the amount of data in the underlying GrassPlot database and their spatial coverage are smaller than in other extensive vegetation-plot databases, species recordings in GrassPlot are on average more complete, making it a valuable complementary data source in macroecology.</p>}},
  author       = {{Biurrun, Idoia and Pielech, Remigiusz and Dembicz, Iwona and Gillet, François and Kozub, Łukasz and Marcenò, Corrado and Reitalu, Triin and Van Meerbeek, Koenraad and Guarino, Riccardo and Chytrý, Milan and Pakeman, Robin J. and Preislerová, Zdenka and Axmanová, Irena and Burrascano, Sabina and Bartha, Sándor and Boch, Steffen and Bruun, Hans Henrik and Conradi, Timo and De Frenne, Pieter and Essl, Franz and Filibeck, Goffredo and Hájek, Michal and Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja and Kuzemko, Anna and Molnár, Zsolt and Pärtel, Meelis and Pätsch, Ricarda and Prentice, Honor C. and Roleček, Jan and Sutcliffe, Laura M.E. and Terzi, Massimo and Winkler, Manuela and Wu, Jianshuang and Aćić, Svetlana and Acosta, Alicia T.R. and Afif, Elias and Akasaka, Munemitsu and Alatalo, Juha M. and Aleffi, Michele and Aleksanyan, Alla and Ali, Arshad and Apostolova, Iva and Ashouri, Parvaneh and Bátori, Zoltán and Baumann, Esther and Becker, Thomas and Belonovskaya, Elena and Benito Alonso, José Luis and Berastegi, Asun and Bergamini, Ariel and Bhatta, Kuber Prasad and Bonini, Ilaria and Büchler, Marc Olivier and Budzhak, Vasyl and Bueno, Álvaro and Buldrini, Fabrizio and Campos, Juan Antonio and Cancellieri, Laura and Carboni, Marta and Ceulemans, Tobias and Chiarucci, Alessandro and Chocarro, Cristina and Conti, Luisa and Csergő, Anna Mária and Cykowska-Marzencka, Beata and Czarniecka-Wiera, Marta and Czarnocka-Cieciura, Marta and Czortek, Patryk and Danihelka, Jiří and de Bello, Francesco and Deák, Balázs and Demeter, László and Deng, Lei and Diekmann, Martin and Dolezal, Jiri and Dolnik, Christian and Dřevojan, Pavel and Dupré, Cecilia and Ecker, Klaus and Ejtehadi, Hamid and Erschbamer, Brigitta and Etayo, Javier and Etzold, Jonathan and Farkas, Tünde and Farzam, Mohammad and Fayvush, George and Fernández Calzado, María Rosa and Finckh, Manfred and Fjellstad, Wendy and Fotiadis, Georgios and García-Magro, Daniel and García-Mijangos, Itziar and Gavilán, Rosario G. and Germany, Markus and Ghafari, Sahar and Giusso del Galdo, Gian Pietro and Grytnes, John Arvid and Güler, Behlül and Gutiérrez-Girón, Alba and Helm, Aveliina and Herrera, Mercedes and Hüllbusch, Elisabeth M. and Ingerpuu, Nele and Jägerbrand, Annika K. and Jandt, Ute and Janišová, Monika and Jeanneret, Philippe and Jeltsch, Florian and Jensen, Kai and Jentsch, Anke and Kącki, Zygmunt and Kakinuma, Kaoru and Kapfer, Jutta and Kargar, Mansoureh and Kelemen, András and Kiehl, Kathrin and Kirschner, Philipp and Koyama, Asuka and Langer, Nancy and Lazzaro, Lorenzo and Lepš, Jan and Li, Ching Feng and Li, Frank Yonghong and Liendo, Diego and Lindborg, Regina and Löbel, Swantje and Lomba, Angela and Lososová, Zdeňka and Lustyk, Pavel and Luzuriaga, Arantzazu L. and Ma, Wenhong and Maccherini, Simona and Magnes, Martin and Malicki, Marek and Manthey, Michael and Mardari, Constantin and May, Felix and Mayrhofer, Helmut and Meier, Eliane Seraina and Memariani, Farshid and Merunková, Kristina and Michelsen, Ottar and Molero Mesa, Joaquín and Moradi, Halime and Moysiyenko, Ivan and Mugnai, Michele and Naqinezhad, Alireza and Natcheva, Rayna and Ninot, Josep M. and Nobis, Marcin and Noroozi, Jalil and Nowak, Arkadiusz and Onipchenko, Vladimir and Palpurina, Salza and Pauli, Harald and Pedashenko, Hristo and Pedersen, Christian and Peet, Robert K. and Pérez-Haase, Aaron and Peters, Jan and Pipenbaher, Nataša and Pirini, Chrisoula and Pladevall-Izard, Eulàlia and Plesková, Zuzana and Potenza, Giovanna and Rahmanian, Soroor and Rodríguez-Rojo, Maria Pilar and Ronkin, Vladimir and Rosati, Leonardo and Ruprecht, Eszter and Rusina, Solvita and Sabovljević, Marko and Sanaei, Anvar and Sánchez, Ana M. and Santi, Francesco and Savchenko, Galina and Sebastià, Maria Teresa and Shyriaieva, Dariia and Silva, Vasco and Škornik, Sonja and Šmerdová, Eva and Sonkoly, Judit and Sperandii, Marta Gaia and Staniaszek-Kik, Monika and Stevens, Carly and Stifter, Simon and Suchrow, Sigrid and Swacha, Grzegorz and Świerszcz, Sebastian and Talebi, Amir and Teleki, Balázs and Tichý, Lubomír and Tölgyesi, Csaba and Torca, Marta and Török, Péter and Tsarevskaya, Nadezda and Tsiripidis, Ioannis and Turisová, Ingrid and Ushimaru, Atushi and Valkó, Orsolya and Van Mechelen, Carmen and Vanneste, Thomas and Vasheniak, Iuliia and Vassilev, Kiril and Viciani, Daniele and Villar, Luis and Virtanen, Risto and Vitasović-Kosić, Ivana and Vojtkó, András and Vynokurov, Denys and Waldén, Emelie and Wang, Yun and Weiser, Frank and Wen, Lu and Wesche, Karsten and White, Hannah and Widmer, Stefan and Wolfrum, Sebastian and Wróbel, Anna and Yuan, Zuoqiang and Zelený, David and Zhao, Liqing and Dengler, Jürgen}},
  issn         = {{1100-9233}},
  keywords     = {{benchmark; bryophyte; fine-grain biodiversity; grassland; GrassPlot Diversity Explorer; lichen; open habitat; Palaearctic; scale dependence; species–area relationship; vascular plant; vegetation plot}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{07}},
  number       = {{4}},
  publisher    = {{International Association of Vegetation Science}},
  series       = {{Journal of Vegetation Science}},
  title        = {{Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvs.13050}},
  doi          = {{10.1111/jvs.13050}},
  volume       = {{32}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}