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Experimental investigations of turbulent fragmenting stresses in a rotor-stator mixer. Part 2. Probability distributions of instantaneous stresses

Håkansson, Andreas LU ; Andersson, Ronnie; Mortensen, Hans Henrik and Innings, Fredrik LU (2017) In Chemical Engineering Science 171. p.638-649
Abstract

Drop fragmentation in high intensity turbulent emulsification processing equipment-such as rotor-stator mixers (RSMs)-has traditionally been described in terms of a stress balance; between the stabilizing stress of the drop and the time-averaged turbulent stress at the most intense position of the flow. As shown in part 1 of this series, this approach is often a fruitful first approximation. However, the instantaneous local stress experienced by drops differs from the time-averaged local stress due to hydrodynamics in general and the stochastic nature of a turbulent flow in particular.This study estimates the probability distribution of instantaneous turbulent stresses in an RSM from velocity fields obtained using particle image... (More)

Drop fragmentation in high intensity turbulent emulsification processing equipment-such as rotor-stator mixers (RSMs)-has traditionally been described in terms of a stress balance; between the stabilizing stress of the drop and the time-averaged turbulent stress at the most intense position of the flow. As shown in part 1 of this series, this approach is often a fruitful first approximation. However, the instantaneous local stress experienced by drops differs from the time-averaged local stress due to hydrodynamics in general and the stochastic nature of a turbulent flow in particular.This study estimates the probability distribution of instantaneous turbulent stresses in an RSM from velocity fields obtained using particle image velocimetry. Results show that regions with low average stress still have a substantial probability of having instantaneously high stresses. This explains why low probability breakup is observed at these positions in visualization experiments.Results also show that the probability distribution of instantaneous stresses is approximately lognormal. The results are compared to two commonly used models for how to take the stochastic variations into account: the exponential decay model, and the multifractal emulsification model. It is concluded that both models predict reasonable distributions shapes but underestimate the width of the stress distribution.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Emulsification, Fragmentation, High-shear mixer, Intermittency, Mixing, Rotor-stator mixer, Turbulence
in
Chemical Engineering Science
volume
171
pages
638 - 649
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85021756180
  • wos:000409285000052
ISSN
0009-2509
DOI
10.1016/j.ces.2017.06.038
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9170e822-2cdb-4fdb-bb5c-469fef6556f0
date added to LUP
2017-07-20 07:08:30
date last changed
2018-03-04 05:04:10
@article{9170e822-2cdb-4fdb-bb5c-469fef6556f0,
  abstract     = {<p>Drop fragmentation in high intensity turbulent emulsification processing equipment-such as rotor-stator mixers (RSMs)-has traditionally been described in terms of a stress balance; between the stabilizing stress of the drop and the time-averaged turbulent stress at the most intense position of the flow. As shown in part 1 of this series, this approach is often a fruitful first approximation. However, the instantaneous local stress experienced by drops differs from the time-averaged local stress due to hydrodynamics in general and the stochastic nature of a turbulent flow in particular.This study estimates the probability distribution of instantaneous turbulent stresses in an RSM from velocity fields obtained using particle image velocimetry. Results show that regions with low average stress still have a substantial probability of having instantaneously high stresses. This explains why low probability breakup is observed at these positions in visualization experiments.Results also show that the probability distribution of instantaneous stresses is approximately lognormal. The results are compared to two commonly used models for how to take the stochastic variations into account: the exponential decay model, and the multifractal emulsification model. It is concluded that both models predict reasonable distributions shapes but underestimate the width of the stress distribution.</p>},
  author       = {Håkansson, Andreas and Andersson, Ronnie and Mortensen, Hans Henrik and Innings, Fredrik},
  issn         = {0009-2509},
  keyword      = {Emulsification,Fragmentation,High-shear mixer,Intermittency,Mixing,Rotor-stator mixer,Turbulence},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {638--649},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Chemical Engineering Science},
  title        = {Experimental investigations of turbulent fragmenting stresses in a rotor-stator mixer. Part 2. Probability distributions of instantaneous stresses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2017.06.038},
  volume       = {171},
  year         = {2017},
}