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Baseline verbal fluency performance as predictor of state anxiety during a live hand-grenade throwing exercise - A prospective study of Swedish military conscripts

Lindén, Magnus LU ; Michel, Per-Olof; Bäckström, Martin LU and Johanson, Aki LU (2007) In Behavioral and Brain Functions 3(39). p.1-7
Abstract
Background: We investigated whether individual differences in baseline executive control capacity could predict state anxiety during a potentially life-threatening situation.

Methods: 19 Swedish military conscripts were assessed during two measurement occasions. During a baseline measurement, data regarding performance on a letter fluency task and state anxiety were assessed. During a second measurement, performed immediately prior to

participation in a live hand-grenade throwing exercise, data regarding state anxiety was assessed. All participants were male, right-handed and had fulfilled 12 years of education.

Results: The level of state anxiety was significantly increased between the two measurement occasions... (More)
Background: We investigated whether individual differences in baseline executive control capacity could predict state anxiety during a potentially life-threatening situation.

Methods: 19 Swedish military conscripts were assessed during two measurement occasions. During a baseline measurement, data regarding performance on a letter fluency task and state anxiety were assessed. During a second measurement, performed immediately prior to

participation in a live hand-grenade throwing exercise, data regarding state anxiety was assessed. All participants were male, right-handed and had fulfilled 12 years of education.

Results: The level of state anxiety was significantly increased between the two measurement occasions (p < .01). Both the number of words produced ( β = -.37; p < .05) and the number of perseveration made ( β = .43; p < .05) on the verbal fluency task predicted, while controlling for state anxiety at baseline, the level of experienced state anxiety during the threatening situation.

Conclusion: Although more research is needed the present finding suggests that individualdifferences in executive control capacity might be related to emotion regulation ability during acute stressor exposure. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Executive control, state anxiety, prospective, stress
in
Behavioral and Brain Functions
volume
3
issue
39
pages
1 - 7
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000251254400001
  • scopus:34848859502
ISSN
1744-9081
DOI
10.1186/1744-9081-3-39
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3ef42076-ec0b-4984-b2b3-cace1ff453ef (old id 932297)
date added to LUP
2008-01-29 17:05:51
date last changed
2017-02-26 04:19:49
@article{3ef42076-ec0b-4984-b2b3-cace1ff453ef,
  abstract     = {Background: We investigated whether individual differences in baseline executive control capacity could predict state anxiety during a potentially life-threatening situation.<br/><br>
Methods: 19 Swedish military conscripts were assessed during two measurement occasions. During a baseline measurement, data regarding performance on a letter fluency task and state anxiety were assessed. During a second measurement, performed immediately prior to<br/><br>
participation in a live hand-grenade throwing exercise, data regarding state anxiety was assessed. All participants were male, right-handed and had fulfilled 12 years of education.<br/><br>
Results: The level of state anxiety was significantly increased between the two measurement occasions (p &lt; .01). Both the number of words produced ( β = -.37; p &lt; .05) and the number of perseveration made ( β = .43; p &lt; .05) on the verbal fluency task predicted, while controlling for state anxiety at baseline, the level of experienced state anxiety during the threatening situation.<br/><br>
Conclusion: Although more research is needed the present finding suggests that individualdifferences in executive control capacity might be related to emotion regulation ability during acute stressor exposure.},
  author       = {Lindén, Magnus and Michel, Per-Olof and Bäckström, Martin and Johanson, Aki},
  issn         = {1744-9081},
  keyword      = {Executive control,state anxiety,prospective,stress},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {39},
  pages        = {1--7},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Behavioral and Brain Functions},
  title        = {Baseline verbal fluency performance as predictor of state anxiety during a live hand-grenade throwing exercise - A prospective study of Swedish military conscripts},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-9081-3-39},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2007},
}