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Reading during the composition of multi-sentence texts : an eye-movement study

Torrance, Mark; Johansson, Roger LU ; Johansson, Victoria LU and Wengelin, Åsa LU (2015) In Psychological Research p.1-15
Abstract
Writers composing multi-sentence texts have immediate access to a visual representation of what they have written. Little is known about the detail of writers’ eye movements within this text during production. We describe two experiments in which competent adult writers’ eye movements were tracked while performing short expository writing tasks. These are contrasted with conditions in which participants read and evaluated researcher-provided texts. Writers spent a mean of around 13 % of their time looking back into their text. Initiation of these look-back sequences was strongly predicted by linguistically important boundaries in their ongoing production (e.g., writers were much more likely to look back immediately prior to starting a new... (More)
Writers composing multi-sentence texts have immediate access to a visual representation of what they have written. Little is known about the detail of writers’ eye movements within this text during production. We describe two experiments in which competent adult writers’ eye movements were tracked while performing short expository writing tasks. These are contrasted with conditions in which participants read and evaluated researcher-provided texts. Writers spent a mean of around 13 % of their time looking back into their text. Initiation of these look-back sequences was strongly predicted by linguistically important boundaries in their ongoing production (e.g., writers were much more likely to look back immediately prior to starting a new sentence). 36 % of look-back sequences were associated with sustained reading and the remainder with less patterned forward and backward saccades between words (“hopping”). Fixation and gaze durations and the presence of word-length effects suggested lexical processing of fixated words in both reading and hopping sequences. Word frequency effects were not present when writers read their own text. Findings demonstrate the technical possibility and potential value of examining writers’ fixations within their just-written text. We suggest that these fixations do not serve solely, or even primarily, in monitoring for error, but play an important role in planning ongoing production. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Psychological Research
pages
1 - 15
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84933545025
ISSN
0340-0727
DOI
10.1007/s00426-015-0683-8
project
Gaze behaviour in writing
Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9a1fa43b-a28b-4b75-bafd-b239af400d89 (old id 5038400)
date added to LUP
2015-01-30 16:13:17
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:12:20
@article{9a1fa43b-a28b-4b75-bafd-b239af400d89,
  abstract     = {Writers composing multi-sentence texts have immediate access to a visual representation of what they have written. Little is known about the detail of writers’ eye movements within this text during production. We describe two experiments in which competent adult writers’ eye movements were tracked while performing short expository writing tasks. These are contrasted with conditions in which participants read and evaluated researcher-provided texts. Writers spent a mean of around 13 % of their time looking back into their text. Initiation of these look-back sequences was strongly predicted by linguistically important boundaries in their ongoing production (e.g., writers were much more likely to look back immediately prior to starting a new sentence). 36 % of look-back sequences were associated with sustained reading and the remainder with less patterned forward and backward saccades between words (“hopping”). Fixation and gaze durations and the presence of word-length effects suggested lexical processing of fixated words in both reading and hopping sequences. Word frequency effects were not present when writers read their own text. Findings demonstrate the technical possibility and potential value of examining writers’ fixations within their just-written text. We suggest that these fixations do not serve solely, or even primarily, in monitoring for error, but play an important role in planning ongoing production.},
  author       = {Torrance, Mark and Johansson, Roger and Johansson, Victoria and Wengelin, Åsa},
  issn         = {0340-0727},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--15},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Psychological Research},
  title        = {Reading during the composition of multi-sentence texts : an eye-movement study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00426-015-0683-8},
  year         = {2015},
}