Advanced

Agentic, communal, and spiritual traits are related to the semantic representation of written narratives of positive and negative life events

Garcia, Danilo; Ancksäter, Henrik; Kjell, Oscar LU ; Archer, Trevor; Rosenberg, Patrica; Cloninger, Robert and Sikström, Sverker LU (2015) In Psychology of Well-Being 5(8). p.2-20
Abstract
Background: We used a computational method to quantitatively investigate the relationship between personality and written narratives of life events. Agentic (i.e., self- directedness), communal (i.e., cooperativeness), and spiritual (self-transcendence) traits were of special interest because they represent individual differences in intentional val- ues and goals, in contrast to temperament traits, which describe individual differences in automatic responses to emotional stimuli. We also investigated which pronouns were most common in relation to personality constructs that were significantly related to the narratives.

Methods: Personality was assessed among 79 adolescents at one point in time using the NEO Personality... (More)
Background: We used a computational method to quantitatively investigate the relationship between personality and written narratives of life events. Agentic (i.e., self- directedness), communal (i.e., cooperativeness), and spiritual (self-transcendence) traits were of special interest because they represent individual differences in intentional val- ues and goals, in contrast to temperament traits, which describe individual differences in automatic responses to emotional stimuli. We also investigated which pronouns were most common in relation to personality constructs that were significantly related to the narratives.

Methods: Personality was assessed among 79 adolescents at one point in time using the NEO Personality Inventory—Revised (NEO-PI-R) and the temperament and char- acter inventory (TCI). Six months later, adolescents were asked to write down the most positive or the most negative event that had happened to them in the last 3 months. Adolescents were explicitly instructed to answer the following questions within their narratives: What happened? Who were involved? Why do you think it happened?

How did you feel when it happened? How do you think the involved persons felt? The descriptions were quantified using a computational method in which the latent semantic analysis algorithm generates a semantic representation of the narratives.

Results: Only self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence were related to the semantic representation of the narratives. Moreover, cooperativeness and self- transcendence were associated with less frequent usage of singular pronouns (e.g., me respectively mine).

Conclusions: Agentic, communal, and spiritual traits are involved when adolescents describe positive and negative life experiences. Moreover, high levels of communal and spiritual traits are related to less self-focused narratives.

Keywords: Agency, Big five, Communion, Latent semantic analysis, Life story, Semantic spaces, Pronouns, Temperament and character inventory (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
narratives, semantic, agentic, traits, life, events
in
Psychology of Well-Being
volume
5
issue
8
pages
2 - 20
publisher
Springer Open
ISSN
2211-1522
DOI
10.1186/s13612-015-0035-x
project
Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9ae5168a-c232-454f-9bb8-d5b32e24c2ff (old id 8518974)
date added to LUP
2016-01-13 10:20:32
date last changed
2016-04-15 22:24:11
@article{9ae5168a-c232-454f-9bb8-d5b32e24c2ff,
  abstract     = {Background: We used a computational method to quantitatively investigate the relationship between personality and written narratives of life events. Agentic (i.e., self- directedness), communal (i.e., cooperativeness), and spiritual (self-transcendence) traits were of special interest because they represent individual differences in intentional val- ues and goals, in contrast to temperament traits, which describe individual differences in automatic responses to emotional stimuli. We also investigated which pronouns were most common in relation to personality constructs that were significantly related to the narratives.<br/><br>
Methods: Personality was assessed among 79 adolescents at one point in time using the NEO Personality Inventory—Revised (NEO-PI-R) and the temperament and char- acter inventory (TCI). Six months later, adolescents were asked to write down the most positive or the most negative event that had happened to them in the last 3 months. Adolescents were explicitly instructed to answer the following questions within their narratives: What happened? Who were involved? Why do you think it happened?<br/><br>
How did you feel when it happened? How do you think the involved persons felt? The descriptions were quantified using a computational method in which the latent semantic analysis algorithm generates a semantic representation of the narratives.<br/><br>
Results: Only self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence were related to the semantic representation of the narratives. Moreover, cooperativeness and self- transcendence were associated with less frequent usage of singular pronouns (e.g., me respectively mine).<br/><br>
Conclusions: Agentic, communal, and spiritual traits are involved when adolescents describe positive and negative life experiences. Moreover, high levels of communal and spiritual traits are related to less self-focused narratives.<br/><br>
Keywords: Agency, Big five, Communion, Latent semantic analysis, Life story, Semantic spaces, Pronouns, Temperament and character inventory},
  author       = {Garcia, Danilo and Ancksäter, Henrik and Kjell, Oscar and Archer, Trevor and Rosenberg, Patrica and Cloninger, Robert and Sikström, Sverker},
  issn         = {2211-1522},
  keyword      = {narratives,semantic,agentic,traits,life,events},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {2--20},
  publisher    = {Springer Open},
  series       = {Psychology of Well-Being},
  title        = {Agentic, communal, and spiritual traits are related to the semantic representation of written narratives of positive and negative life events},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13612-015-0035-x},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2015},
}