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Vietnamese tones in the syllable /la/ in the North and South and tones in Vietnamese reduplications

Son, Vi Thanh LU (2018) Phonology in the Nordic Countries 2018
Abstract
The paper provides a description and a small investigation of the Vietnamese tonal system in different dialects in which six Vietnamese tones and tones in reduplications contribute to lexical function and tone harmony. The aim of the study is to further understand the tonal system in Vietnamese as well as the usages of tone registers in different patterns of Vietnamese reduplications. It also aims to analyze the similarities and differences in Northern and Southern Vietnamese tones in the syllable /la/ and the prominent syllable in reduplicative disyllables. The passage including six tones in /la/ and some reduplicative words created by the author was recorded by two Vietnamese males in Northern (NVN) and Southern (SVN) dialects. The... (More)
The paper provides a description and a small investigation of the Vietnamese tonal system in different dialects in which six Vietnamese tones and tones in reduplications contribute to lexical function and tone harmony. The aim of the study is to further understand the tonal system in Vietnamese as well as the usages of tone registers in different patterns of Vietnamese reduplications. It also aims to analyze the similarities and differences in Northern and Southern Vietnamese tones in the syllable /la/ and the prominent syllable in reduplicative disyllables. The passage including six tones in /la/ and some reduplicative words created by the author was recorded by two Vietnamese males in Northern (NVN) and Southern (SVN) dialects. The analysis made use of Praat to see different prosodic elements; typically pitch contour/level, duration, intensity and voice quality (creak and modal voice) in six tones of /la/ and the prosodic prominence with a tone in the stressed syllable and tone registers in reduplicative disyllables. The results show that the falling huỵền, the rising sắc and the level ngang tones are similar in Northern and Southern dialects regarding pitch contour, intensity and duration. They are mostly different in the tones nặng, hỏi and ngã. Regarding voice quality, in both NVN and SVN sắc tone is creaky while ngã tone is modal. However, they are different in nặng, ngang and huỵền tones in which all three are slightly creaky in NVN but modal in SVN. One typical difference is that hỏi and ngã in SVN have merged into one tone with falling-rising contour. Moreover, the full and partial reduplicative words that create the meaning, being that of “intensification” or “attenuation” (Nguyen, 1997, p. 45), are tied with the tone harmony following strict rules on the tone registers (upper and lower), even though hỏi and ngã tones in SVN are spoken the same way. Additionally, it reveals that prosodic prominence is mostly on the second syllable in full reduplicative disyllables. Meanwhile, the prominence is on the syllable with high rising tones in partial reduplicative disyllables and in those cases they are the base. The prominence pattern found in the data is similar in both dialects. The analysis in the tonal system in NVN and SVN will, hopefully, further our understanding not only of how tones vary in Vietnamese dialects but also of how they relate to each other in Vietnamese reduplication disyllables within the phonological tonal system. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
conference name
Phonology in the Nordic Countries 2018
conference location
Lund, Sweden
conference dates
2018-02-09 - 2018-02-10
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
aeadbe44-0287-4c89-b148-ae97e5a77e67
date added to LUP
2018-08-16 21:25:48
date last changed
2018-11-21 21:41:08
@misc{aeadbe44-0287-4c89-b148-ae97e5a77e67,
  abstract     = {The paper provides a description and a small investigation of the Vietnamese tonal system in different dialects in which six Vietnamese tones and tones in reduplications contribute to lexical function and tone harmony. The aim of the study is to further understand the tonal system in Vietnamese as well as the usages of tone registers in different patterns of Vietnamese reduplications. It also aims to analyze the similarities and differences in Northern and Southern Vietnamese tones in the syllable /la/ and the prominent syllable in reduplicative disyllables. The passage including six tones in /la/ and some reduplicative words created by the author was recorded by two Vietnamese males in Northern (NVN) and Southern (SVN) dialects. The analysis made use of Praat to see different prosodic elements; typically pitch contour/level, duration, intensity and voice quality (creak and modal voice) in six tones of /la/ and the prosodic prominence with a tone in the stressed syllable and tone registers in reduplicative disyllables. The results show that the falling huỵền, the rising sắc and the level ngang tones are similar in Northern and Southern dialects regarding pitch contour, intensity and duration. They are mostly different in the tones nặng, hỏi and ngã. Regarding voice quality, in both NVN and SVN sắc tone is creaky while ngã tone is modal. However, they are different in nặng, ngang and huỵền tones in which all three are slightly creaky in NVN but modal in SVN. One typical difference is that hỏi and ngã in SVN have merged into one tone with falling-rising contour. Moreover, the full and partial reduplicative words that create the meaning, being that of “intensification” or “attenuation” (Nguyen, 1997, p. 45), are tied with the tone harmony following strict rules on the tone registers (upper and lower), even though hỏi and ngã  tones in SVN are spoken the same way. Additionally, it reveals that prosodic prominence is mostly on the second syllable in full reduplicative disyllables. Meanwhile, the prominence is on the syllable with high rising tones in partial reduplicative disyllables and in those cases they are the base. The prominence pattern found in the data is similar in both dialects. The analysis in the tonal system in NVN and SVN will, hopefully, further our understanding not only of how tones vary in Vietnamese dialects but also of how they relate to each other in Vietnamese reduplication disyllables within the phonological tonal system. },
  author       = {Son, Vi Thanh},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Lund, Sweden},
  month        = {02},
  title        = {Vietnamese tones in the syllable /la/ in the North and South and tones in Vietnamese reduplications},
  year         = {2018},
}