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Noun and verb knowledge in monolingual preschool children across 17 languages : Data from cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT)

Haman, Ewa; Łuniewska, Magdalena ; Hansen, Pernille; Simonsen, Hanne Gram; Chiat, Shula; Bjekić, Jovana; Blažienė, Agnė ; Chyl, Katarzyna; Dabašinskienė, Ineta and Engel de Abreu, Pascale , et al. (2017) In Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Abstract

This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish). The participants were 639 monolingual... (More)

This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish). The participants were 639 monolingual children aged 3;0–6;11 living in 15 different countries. Differences in vocabulary size were small between 16 of the languages; but isiXhosa-speaking children knew significantly fewer words than speakers of the other languages. There was a robust effect of word class: accuracy was higher for nouns than verbs. Furthermore, comprehension was more advanced than production. Results are discussed in the context of cross-linguistic comparisons of lexical development in monolingual and bilingual populations.

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@article{aef3abcb-148d-477f-8fb5-8a750a88c3d3,
  abstract     = {<p>This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong &amp; Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish). The participants were 639 monolingual children aged 3;0–6;11 living in 15 different countries. Differences in vocabulary size were small between 16 of the languages; but isiXhosa-speaking children knew significantly fewer words than speakers of the other languages. There was a robust effect of word class: accuracy was higher for nouns than verbs. Furthermore, comprehension was more advanced than production. Results are discussed in the context of cross-linguistic comparisons of lexical development in monolingual and bilingual populations.</p>},
  author       = {Haman, Ewa and Łuniewska, Magdalena  and Hansen, Pernille and Simonsen, Hanne Gram and Chiat, Shula and Bjekić, Jovana and Blažienė, Agnė  and Chyl, Katarzyna and Dabašinskienė, Ineta  and Engel de Abreu, Pascale  and Gagarina, Natalia and Gavarró, Anna  and Håkansson, Gisela and Harel, Efrat and Holm, Ida Elisabeth and Kapalková, Svetlana  and Kunnari, Sari  and Levorato, Chiara  and Lindgren, Josefin and Mieszkowska, Karolina and Montes Salarich, Laia and Potgieter, Anneke and Ribu, Ingeborg and Ringblom, Natalia  and Rinker, Tanja  and Roch, Maja  and Slančová, Daniela  and Southwood, Frenette  and Tedeschi, Roberta and Tuncer, Aylin Müge and Ünal-Logacev, Özlem  and Vuksanović, Jasmina and Armon-Lotem, Sharon},
  issn         = {0269-9206},
  keyword      = {basic word classes,cross-linguistic comparison,Lexical development,word comprehension,word production},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {26},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics},
  title        = {Noun and verb knowledge in monolingual preschool children across 17 languages : Data from cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2017.1308553},
  year         = {2017},
}