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The value of small arable habitats in the agricultural landscape : Importance for vascular plants and the provisioning of floral resources for bees

Söderman, Annika M.E. LU ; Irminger Street, Therese LU ; Hall, Karin LU ; Olsson, Ola LU ; Prentice, Honor C. LU and Smith, Henrik G. LU (2018) In Ecological Indicators 84. p.553-563
Abstract

Small remnants of non-arable habitat within the farmland mosaic are considered important for the conservation of farmland biodiversity, but their contribution to landscape-scale species richness is poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the relative contributions of different habitat types to the landscape-scale species richness of vascular plants within farmland of varying landscape complexity. We also analysed pollen collected by bees to examine the extent to which the different habitat types contributed towards the provisioning of floral resources for three taxa (Bombus terrrestris, Megachile sp. and Osmia bicornis). We found that plant species richness increased with landscape complexity (defined as the proportion of... (More)

Small remnants of non-arable habitat within the farmland mosaic are considered important for the conservation of farmland biodiversity, but their contribution to landscape-scale species richness is poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the relative contributions of different habitat types to the landscape-scale species richness of vascular plants within farmland of varying landscape complexity. We also analysed pollen collected by bees to examine the extent to which the different habitat types contributed towards the provisioning of floral resources for three taxa (Bombus terrrestris, Megachile sp. and Osmia bicornis). We found that plant species richness increased with landscape complexity (defined as the proportion of semi-natural habitats). The relative contribution of small fragments of non-arable habitat to total plant species richness was high within all landscape types, especially in relation to the small area they covered. The importance of small non-arable fragments for the provisioning of floral resources to bees varied over time and between taxa. Bombus terrestris used the different habitat types differently during different parts of the growing season: arable fields were important early in the season, leys late in the season, and small non-arable habitat fragments during the mid-season when no mass-flowering crops were in bloom. In contrast, Megachile sp. and O. bicornis mainly foraged on plants occurring within grasslands. We conclude that small fragments of non-arable habitat are important for plant species richness at the landscape-scale and that their importance for plants may cascade to the bees that use them as foraging resources. Consequently, it is important to consider the entire landscape mosaic when taking actions to conserve farmland species.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Habitat specificity, Landscape complexity, Pollen, Pollinators, Resource plants, Small biotopes, Vascular plants
in
Ecological Indicators
volume
84
pages
11 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85029789738
ISSN
1470-160X
DOI
10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.09.024
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b87b1688-d8bc-4e5c-ba6b-32dbb0ab86ca
date added to LUP
2017-10-05 12:18:07
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:20:49
@article{b87b1688-d8bc-4e5c-ba6b-32dbb0ab86ca,
  abstract     = {<p>Small remnants of non-arable habitat within the farmland mosaic are considered important for the conservation of farmland biodiversity, but their contribution to landscape-scale species richness is poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the relative contributions of different habitat types to the landscape-scale species richness of vascular plants within farmland of varying landscape complexity. We also analysed pollen collected by bees to examine the extent to which the different habitat types contributed towards the provisioning of floral resources for three taxa (Bombus terrrestris, Megachile sp. and Osmia bicornis). We found that plant species richness increased with landscape complexity (defined as the proportion of semi-natural habitats). The relative contribution of small fragments of non-arable habitat to total plant species richness was high within all landscape types, especially in relation to the small area they covered. The importance of small non-arable fragments for the provisioning of floral resources to bees varied over time and between taxa. Bombus terrestris used the different habitat types differently during different parts of the growing season: arable fields were important early in the season, leys late in the season, and small non-arable habitat fragments during the mid-season when no mass-flowering crops were in bloom. In contrast, Megachile sp. and O. bicornis mainly foraged on plants occurring within grasslands. We conclude that small fragments of non-arable habitat are important for plant species richness at the landscape-scale and that their importance for plants may cascade to the bees that use them as foraging resources. Consequently, it is important to consider the entire landscape mosaic when taking actions to conserve farmland species.</p>},
  author       = {Söderman, Annika M.E. and Irminger Street, Therese and Hall, Karin and Olsson, Ola and Prentice, Honor C. and Smith, Henrik G.},
  issn         = {1470-160X},
  keyword      = {Habitat specificity,Landscape complexity,Pollen,Pollinators,Resource plants,Small biotopes,Vascular plants},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {553--563},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Ecological Indicators},
  title        = {The value of small arable habitats in the agricultural landscape : Importance for vascular plants and the provisioning of floral resources for bees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.09.024},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2018},
}