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Time-driven effects on parsing during reading

Roll, Mikael LU ; Lindgren, Magnus LU ; Alter, Kai and Horne, Merle LU (2012) In Brain and Language 121(3). p.267-272
Abstract
The phonological trace of perceived words starts fading away in short-term memory after a few seconds. Spoken utterances are usually 2–3 s long, possibly to allow the listener to parse the words into coherent prosodic phrases while they still have a clear representation. Results from this brain potential study suggest that even during silent reading, words are organized into 2–3 s long ‘implicit’ prosodic phrases. Participants read the same sentences word by word at different presentation rates. Clause-final words occurring at multiples of 2–3 s from sentence onset yielded increased positivity, irrespective of presentation rate. The effect was interpreted as a closure positive shift (CPS), reflecting insertion of implicit prosodic phrase... (More)
The phonological trace of perceived words starts fading away in short-term memory after a few seconds. Spoken utterances are usually 2–3 s long, possibly to allow the listener to parse the words into coherent prosodic phrases while they still have a clear representation. Results from this brain potential study suggest that even during silent reading, words are organized into 2–3 s long ‘implicit’ prosodic phrases. Participants read the same sentences word by word at different presentation rates. Clause-final words occurring at multiples of 2–3 s from sentence onset yielded increased positivity, irrespective of presentation rate. The effect was interpreted as a closure positive shift (CPS), reflecting insertion of implicit prosodic phrase boundaries every 2–3 s. Additionally, in participants with low working memory span, clauses over 3 s long produced a negativity, possibly indicating increased working memory load. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Language, Short-term memory, Time-driven constant, Event-related potentials, Reading, Prosodic phrase, Implicit prosody, CPS, Working memory
in
Brain and Language
volume
121
issue
3
pages
267 - 272
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000304339700010
  • scopus:84860460790
ISSN
1090-2155
DOI
10.1016/j.bandl.2012.03.002
project
Grammar, Prosody, Discourse and the Brain. ERP-studies in speech processing
Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c076c7c2-2bf1-4652-bf8a-69599cb64b1e (old id 2369575)
date added to LUP
2012-03-14 11:35:03
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:50:51
@article{c076c7c2-2bf1-4652-bf8a-69599cb64b1e,
  abstract     = {The phonological trace of perceived words starts fading away in short-term memory after a few seconds.	Spoken utterances are usually 2–3 s long, possibly to allow the listener to parse the words into coherent prosodic phrases while they still have a clear representation. Results from this brain potential study suggest that even during silent reading, words are organized into 2–3 s long ‘implicit’ prosodic phrases. Participants read the same sentences word by word at different presentation rates. Clause-final words occurring at multiples of 2–3 s from sentence onset yielded increased positivity, irrespective of presentation rate. The effect was interpreted as a closure positive shift (CPS), reflecting insertion of implicit prosodic phrase boundaries every 2–3 s. Additionally, in participants with low working memory span, clauses over 3 s long produced a negativity, possibly indicating increased working memory load.},
  author       = {Roll, Mikael and Lindgren, Magnus and Alter, Kai and Horne, Merle},
  issn         = {1090-2155},
  keyword      = {Language,Short-term memory,Time-driven constant,Event-related potentials,Reading,Prosodic phrase,Implicit prosody,CPS,Working memory},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {267--272},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Brain and Language},
  title        = {Time-driven effects on parsing during reading},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2012.03.002},
  volume       = {121},
  year         = {2012},
}