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IL-1β mediates lung neutrophilia and IL-33 expression in a mouse model of viral-induced asthma exacerbation

Mahmutovic Persson, Irma LU ; Menzel, Mandy LU ; Ramu, Sangeetha LU ; Cerps, Samuel LU ; Akbarshahi, Hamid LU and Uller, Lena LU (2018) In Respiratory Research 19(1).
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Viral-induced asthma exacerbations, which exhibit both Th1-type neutrophilia and Th2-type inflammation, associate with secretion of Interleukin (IL)-1β. IL-1β induces neutrophilic inflammation. It may also increase Th2-type cytokine expression. We hypothesised that IL-1β is causally involved in both Th1 and Th2 features of asthma exacerbations. This hypothesis is tested in our mouse model of viral stimulus-induced asthma exacerbation.

METHOD: Wild-type (WT) and IL-1β deficient (IL-1β-/-) mice received house dust mite (HDM) or saline intranasally during three weeks followed by intranasal dsRNA (PolyI:C molecule known for its rhinovirus infection mimic) for three consecutive days to provoke exacerbation. Bronchoalveolar... (More)

BACKGROUND: Viral-induced asthma exacerbations, which exhibit both Th1-type neutrophilia and Th2-type inflammation, associate with secretion of Interleukin (IL)-1β. IL-1β induces neutrophilic inflammation. It may also increase Th2-type cytokine expression. We hypothesised that IL-1β is causally involved in both Th1 and Th2 features of asthma exacerbations. This hypothesis is tested in our mouse model of viral stimulus-induced asthma exacerbation.

METHOD: Wild-type (WT) and IL-1β deficient (IL-1β-/-) mice received house dust mite (HDM) or saline intranasally during three weeks followed by intranasal dsRNA (PolyI:C molecule known for its rhinovirus infection mimic) for three consecutive days to provoke exacerbation. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was analysed for inflammatory cells and total protein. Lung tissues were stained for neutrophilic inflammation and IL-33. Tissue homogenates were analysed for mRNA expression of Muc5ac, CXCL1/KC, TNF-α, CCL5, IL-25, TSLP, IL-33, IL-1β, CCL11 and CCL2 using RT-qPCR.

RESULTS: Expression of IL-1β, neutrophil chemoattractants, CXCL1 and CCL5, the Th2-upstream cytokine IL-33, and Muc5ac were induced at exacerbation in WT mice and were significantly inhibited in IL-1β-/- mice at exacerbation. Effects of HDM alone were not reduced in IL-1β-deficient mice.

CONCLUSION: Without being involved in the baseline HDM-induced allergic asthma, IL-1β signalling was required to induce neutrophil chemotactic factors, IL-33, and Muc5ac expression at viral stimulus-induced exacerbation. We suggest that IL-1β has a role both in neutrophilic and Th2 inflammation at viral-induced asthma exacerbations.

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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Respiratory Research
volume
19
issue
1
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:85042795368
ISSN
1465-9921
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c53e74d4-b5ba-4e63-8f8b-089b8647693e
date added to LUP
2018-01-25 11:33:17
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:18:51
@article{c53e74d4-b5ba-4e63-8f8b-089b8647693e,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: Viral-induced asthma exacerbations, which exhibit both Th1-type neutrophilia and Th2-type inflammation, associate with secretion of Interleukin (IL)-1β. IL-1β induces neutrophilic inflammation. It may also increase Th2-type cytokine expression. We hypothesised that IL-1β is causally involved in both Th1 and Th2 features of asthma exacerbations. This hypothesis is tested in our mouse model of viral stimulus-induced asthma exacerbation.</p><p>METHOD: Wild-type (WT) and IL-1β deficient (IL-1β-/-) mice received house dust mite (HDM) or saline intranasally during three weeks followed by intranasal dsRNA (PolyI:C molecule known for its rhinovirus infection mimic) for three consecutive days to provoke exacerbation. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was analysed for inflammatory cells and total protein. Lung tissues were stained for neutrophilic inflammation and IL-33. Tissue homogenates were analysed for mRNA expression of Muc5ac, CXCL1/KC, TNF-α, CCL5, IL-25, TSLP, IL-33, IL-1β, CCL11 and CCL2 using RT-qPCR.</p><p>RESULTS: Expression of IL-1β, neutrophil chemoattractants, CXCL1 and CCL5, the Th2-upstream cytokine IL-33, and Muc5ac were induced at exacerbation in WT mice and were significantly inhibited in IL-1β-/- mice at exacerbation. Effects of HDM alone were not reduced in IL-1β-deficient mice.</p><p>CONCLUSION: Without being involved in the baseline HDM-induced allergic asthma, IL-1β signalling was required to induce neutrophil chemotactic factors, IL-33, and Muc5ac expression at viral stimulus-induced exacerbation. We suggest that IL-1β has a role both in neutrophilic and Th2 inflammation at viral-induced asthma exacerbations.</p>},
  articleno    = {16},
  author       = {Mahmutovic Persson, Irma and Menzel, Mandy and Ramu, Sangeetha and Cerps, Samuel and Akbarshahi, Hamid and Uller, Lena},
  issn         = {1465-9921},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Respiratory Research},
  title        = {IL-1β mediates lung neutrophilia and IL-33 expression in a mouse model of viral-induced asthma exacerbation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2018},
}