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Belonging for violence : Personality, football fandom, and spectator aggression

Knapton, Holly LU ; Espinosa, Lisa; Meier, Henk E.; Bäck, Emma A. LU and Bäck, Hanna LU (2018) In Nordic Psychology
Abstract

Spectator violence is an issue that affects many football matches in Sweden and other countries. Different models have tried to explain why individuals participate in sports fandom and associated behaviors. However, often these models ignore social and individual factors that may impact if and why individuals participate in spectator violence. Outgroup violence can be motivated by pro-social concerns for ingroup acceptance. We argue that outgroup violence among football supporters may be used as a marker of ingroup loyalty and attachment. A survey of 350 male Swedish football supporters was conducted to assess their levels of need to belong, rejection sensitivity, and willingness to engage in violence. A hierarchal regression analysis... (More)

Spectator violence is an issue that affects many football matches in Sweden and other countries. Different models have tried to explain why individuals participate in sports fandom and associated behaviors. However, often these models ignore social and individual factors that may impact if and why individuals participate in spectator violence. Outgroup violence can be motivated by pro-social concerns for ingroup acceptance. We argue that outgroup violence among football supporters may be used as a marker of ingroup loyalty and attachment. A survey of 350 male Swedish football supporters was conducted to assess their levels of need to belong, rejection sensitivity, and willingness to engage in violence. A hierarchal regression analysis showed a significant interaction, such that individuals with a high need to belong and who are sensitive to rejection are more willing to engage in violence against an opposing team. The results provide important insights into the social dynamics of intergroup violence and spectator violence. We extend upon existing theory by adding this social personality perspective to show the importance of individual differences in belongingness needs as a driver for participation in spectator violence.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
hooliganism, need to belong, rejection sensitivity, spectator violence
in
Nordic Psychology
pages
12 pages
publisher
Dansk Psykologisk Forlag
external identifiers
  • scopus:85041563997
ISSN
1901-2276
DOI
10.1080/19012276.2018.1430611
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ce3a0c01-d40e-419a-a8ac-12cda7574183
date added to LUP
2018-02-21 10:15:54
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:45:29
@article{ce3a0c01-d40e-419a-a8ac-12cda7574183,
  abstract     = {<p>Spectator violence is an issue that affects many football matches in Sweden and other countries. Different models have tried to explain why individuals participate in sports fandom and associated behaviors. However, often these models ignore social and individual factors that may impact if and why individuals participate in spectator violence. Outgroup violence can be motivated by pro-social concerns for ingroup acceptance. We argue that outgroup violence among football supporters may be used as a marker of ingroup loyalty and attachment. A survey of 350 male Swedish football supporters was conducted to assess their levels of need to belong, rejection sensitivity, and willingness to engage in violence. A hierarchal regression analysis showed a significant interaction, such that individuals with a high need to belong and who are sensitive to rejection are more willing to engage in violence against an opposing team. The results provide important insights into the social dynamics of intergroup violence and spectator violence. We extend upon existing theory by adding this social personality perspective to show the importance of individual differences in belongingness needs as a driver for participation in spectator violence.</p>},
  author       = {Knapton, Holly and Espinosa, Lisa and Meier, Henk E. and Bäck, Emma A. and Bäck, Hanna},
  issn         = {1901-2276},
  keyword      = {hooliganism,need to belong,rejection sensitivity,spectator violence},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  pages        = {12},
  publisher    = {Dansk Psykologisk Forlag},
  series       = {Nordic Psychology},
  title        = {Belonging for violence : Personality, football fandom, and spectator aggression},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19012276.2018.1430611},
  year         = {2018},
}