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Information literacy challenges in digital culture : Conflicting engagements of trust and doubt

Haider, Jutta LU and Sundin, Olof LU (2020) In Information, Communication & Society
Abstract
The ability of citizens to establish the credibility of information andinformation sources through critical assessment is oftenemphasized as essential for the upholding of a democraticsociety and for people’s health and safety. Drawing on material-discursive conceptualizations, the article asks, how does criticalassessment of information and information sources play out as itis folded into a networked information infrastructure in whichdifferent types of information are mediated and shaped by thesame algorithms andflattened into the same interfaces? Theempirical material comprises dyadic interviews with 61adolescents. The interviews were analysed using an interpretativeapproach focusing on the construction of action and... (More)
The ability of citizens to establish the credibility of information andinformation sources through critical assessment is oftenemphasized as essential for the upholding of a democraticsociety and for people’s health and safety. Drawing on material-discursive conceptualizations, the article asks, how does criticalassessment of information and information sources play out as itis folded into a networked information infrastructure in whichdifferent types of information are mediated and shaped by thesame algorithms andflattened into the same interfaces? Theempirical material comprises dyadic interviews with 61adolescents. The interviews were analysed using an interpretativeapproach focusing on the construction of action and meaning.The analysis foregrounds trust and agency as two dimensions.This way normative assumptions become visible as stereotypes,sometimes positioned as ideals towards which to strive, othertimes as deterrent examples: the non-evaluator, the naïveevaluator, the skeptical evaluator and the confident evaluator.The created stereotypes help to comprehend differentunderstandings of critical assessment of information and howthese can bring about different actions. The article argues thatcritical assessment of information as an element in media andinformation literacy must be understood not just in relation tohow it is used to assess the credibility of information, but alsoregarding how it is performatively enrolled in the shaping ofknowledge and in the creation of ignorance and doubt. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
The ability of citizens to establish the credibility of information and information sources through critical assessment is often emphasized as essential for the upholding of a democratic society and for people’s health and safety. Drawing on material-discursive conceptualizations, the article asks, how does critical assessment of information and information sources play out as it is folded into a networked information infrastructure in which different types of information are mediated and shaped by the same algorithms and flattened into the same interfaces? The empirical material comprises dyadic interviews with 61 adolescents. The interviews were analysed using an interpretative approach focusing on the construction of action and meaning.... (More)
The ability of citizens to establish the credibility of information and information sources through critical assessment is often emphasized as essential for the upholding of a democratic society and for people’s health and safety. Drawing on material-discursive conceptualizations, the article asks, how does critical assessment of information and information sources play out as it is folded into a networked information infrastructure in which different types of information are mediated and shaped by the same algorithms and flattened into the same interfaces? The empirical material comprises dyadic interviews with 61 adolescents. The interviews were analysed using an interpretative approach focusing on the construction of action and meaning. The analysis foregrounds trust and agency as two dimensions. This way normative assumptions become visible as stereotypes, sometimes positioned as ideals towards which to strive, other times as deterrent examples: the non-evaluator, the naïve evaluator, the skeptical evaluator and the confident evaluator. The created stereotypes help to comprehend different understandings of critical assessment of information and how these can bring about different actions. The article argues that critical assessment of information as an element in media and information literacy must be understood not just in relation to how it is used to assess the credibility of information, but also regarding how it is performatively enrolled in the shaping of knowledge and in the creation of ignorance and doubt. (Less)
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author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
information literacy, algorithms, trust, sociomaterality
in
Information, Communication & Society
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85097145258
ISSN
1369-118X
DOI
10.1080/1369118X.2020.1851389
project
Algorithms and Literacies: Young people's understanding and society's expectations
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e6cb115a-11d1-442c-a58d-1ad1a6a007d4
date added to LUP
2020-12-05 09:08:33
date last changed
2020-12-22 03:01:12
@article{e6cb115a-11d1-442c-a58d-1ad1a6a007d4,
  abstract     = {The ability of citizens to establish the credibility of information andinformation  sources  through  critical  assessment  is  oftenemphasized as essential for the upholding of a democraticsociety and for people’s health and safety. Drawing on material-discursive conceptualizations, the article asks, how does criticalassessment of information and information sources play out as itis folded into a networked information infrastructure in whichdifferent types of information are mediated and shaped by thesame algorithms andflattened into the same interfaces? Theempirical  material  comprises  dyadic  interviews  with  61adolescents. The interviews were analysed using an interpretativeapproach focusing on the construction of action and meaning.The analysis foregrounds trust and agency as two dimensions.This way normative assumptions become visible as stereotypes,sometimes positioned as ideals towards which to strive, othertimes  as  deterrent  examples:  the  non-evaluator,  the  naïveevaluator, the skeptical evaluator and the confident evaluator.The  created  stereotypes  help  to  comprehend  differentunderstandings of critical assessment of information and howthese can bring about different actions. The article argues thatcritical assessment of information as an element in media andinformation literacy must be understood not just in relation tohow it is used to assess the credibility of information, but alsoregarding how it is performatively enrolled in the shaping ofknowledge and in the creation of ignorance and doubt.},
  author       = {Haider, Jutta and Sundin, Olof},
  issn         = {1369-118X},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Information, Communication & Society},
  title        = {Information literacy challenges in digital culture : Conflicting engagements of trust and doubt},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2020.1851389},
  doi          = {10.1080/1369118X.2020.1851389},
  year         = {2020},
}